Thailand: Mangrove Reforestation and Protection
Mangrove forests are located in 23 coastal provinces in Thailand. These forests used to cover 368,000 ha in Thailand in 1961, but the area dropped to 240,000 ha by 2002. The major causes of the loss of mangrove forests are timber and charcoal industries, while some areas were converted for urbanization, agriculture, and aquaculture especially shrimp farms. In 2004, a five-year Action Plan for Mangrove Management in the Gulf of Thailand was established to preserve mangrove forests, as well as to promote the sustainable use of mangrove resources. Following the 2003 tsunami, many local communities are interested in mangrove reforestation as protection against disasters such as storm surges. The Department of Marine and Coastal Resources established a program to conserve and rehabilitate mangrove forests. Four mangrove development stations are located in Trang to support the program’s activities, including reforestation and maintenance of mangroves, provisiong of training to build capacity for community forestry management, building of partnerships between local community members, the government, and NGOs, reduction of illegal wood harvesting and land cultivation. The project will also set up Mangrove Protection Zones, where harvest of wood will be prohibited except in special circumstances. The community is producing mangrove seedlings in its nursery.
|Targetedness||Building Response Capacity|
|Adaptation Strategies Employed||Building Institutions, Changing Natural Resource Management Practices|