Law no. 9991
Brazil: Law no. 9991
This policy outlines the compulsory nature of R&D investment in renewable energy sources - “the 1% obligation”. It obliges the holder of concessions and permissions for public services of electricity distribution to allocate annually at least 0.75%of their net operational revenues in R&D in the electricity sector, and at least 0.25% in end use efficiency programs. Until Dec 31, 2005 the minimum investment will be 0.5%, both for R&D and for energy efficiency programs in energy supply and use. Companies that generate electricity solely from wind-driven, solar, or biomass facilities, and small hydroelectric plants are exempt from this obligation through the end of 2005.
Date Implemented: 2000
Status: In Force; Mandatory
References: National Communication to the UNFCCC