The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act

India: The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act

This policy sets the standards and penalties for noncompliance for polluting. It establishes both a Central Pollution Control Board, and State Pollution Control Boards to monitor and enforce the regulations.

Date Implemented: 1974, 1988

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Funding Information:The primary source of funding for the state boards comes from the Central Board and state government. This has become a source of controversy because the state boards were at the mercy of local political forces and circumstances, usually out of their control, which withheld or prevented adequate funding.

References: The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, India Export/Import Portal,

“India’s Pollution Regulatory Structure and Background,” The World Bank Group,