Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y la Protección al Ambiente (LGEEPA)

Mexico: Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y la Protección al Ambiente (LGEEPA)

First comprehensive environmental legislation. (In 1996, it was amended to include sustainable development as a priority for the Mexican government.) The original legislation included measures for the protection of natural areas; exploitation of natural elements, including land and water; and protection of the environment, including atmospheric contamination, water and soil contamination, hazardous activities and waste, nuclear energy and other forms of pollution. LGEEPA also sets forth control and safety measures, penalties for non-compliance, guidelines for environmental impact statements and risk assessment. Additionally, LGEEPA addresses matters of jurisdiction, ecological zoning, and enforcement. It requires Federal, State and local authorities to develop, within their respective jurisdiction, sound policies that include economic, financial, tax and market schemes that must identify as high-priority those activities related to “the research and implementation of energy-saving mechanisms and use of reduced contamination energy sources”.

Date Implemented: 1988

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: 2nd National Communication to the UNFCCC; EIA Mexico’s Environmental Issues