SD-PAMs: transportation

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

Brazil: National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) Decree no 76.593

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

India: The National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development

Provides the basis for the integration of environmental considerations in the policies of various sectors. Outlines government’s goals and projects for achieving sustainable lifestyles and the proper management and conservation of resources.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: National Program for the Rational Use of Natural Gas and Oil Products (CONPET)

Brazil: Project SIGA BEM

Part of CONPET, under this project the government disseminates instruction materials and free vehicle maintenance at service sites on the highway to motivate truckers to save fuel and monitor and analyze their consumption.


Date Implemented:1994

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Brazil: Project SIGA BEM

Part of CONPET, under this project the government disseminates instruction materials and free vehicle maintenance at service sites on the highway to motivate truckers to save fuel and monitor and analyze their consumption.


Date Implemented:1994

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Brazil: Project SIGA BEM

Part of CONPET, under this project the government disseminates instruction materials and free vehicle maintenance at service sites on the highway to motivate truckers to save fuel and monitor and analyze their consumption.


Date Implemented:1994

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Brazil: Project SIGA BEM

Part of CONPET, under this project the government disseminates instruction materials and free vehicle maintenance at service sites on the highway to motivate truckers to save fuel and monitor and analyze their consumption.


Date Implemented:1994

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Brazil: Project SIGA BEM

Part of CONPET, under this project the government disseminates instruction materials and free vehicle maintenance at service sites on the highway to motivate truckers to save fuel and monitor and analyze their consumption.


Date Implemented:1994

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Brazil: Project SIGA BEM

Part of CONPET, under this project the government disseminates instruction materials and free vehicle maintenance at service sites on the highway to motivate truckers to save fuel and monitor and analyze their consumption.


Date Implemented:1994

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Brazil: Project SIGA BEM

Part of CONPET, under this project the government disseminates instruction materials and free vehicle maintenance at service sites on the highway to motivate truckers to save fuel and monitor and analyze their consumption.


Date Implemented:1994

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Brazil: Project Economizar

Part of CONPET, this project for the rational use of energy coordinates government efforts with the private sector, supporting freight and passenger transport companies in implementing measures to improve the use of diesel oil.


Date Implemented: 1996

Status: Voluntary

Brazil: Project Economizar

Part of CONPET, this project for the rational use of energy coordinates government efforts with the private sector, supporting freight and passenger transport companies in implementing measures to improve the use of diesel oil.


Date Implemented: 1996

Status: Voluntary

Brazil: Project Economizar

Part of CONPET, this project for the rational use of energy coordinates government efforts with the private sector, supporting freight and passenger transport companies in implementing measures to improve the use of diesel oil.


Date Implemented: 1996

Status: Voluntary

Brazil: Project Economizar

Part of CONPET, this project for the rational use of energy coordinates government efforts with the private sector, supporting freight and passenger transport companies in implementing measures to improve the use of diesel oil.


Date Implemented: 1996

Status: Voluntary

Brazil: Energy Efficiency Label

Part of CONPET, these efficiency labels recognize the light vehicles with the best energy performance in their class.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

Brazil: Energy Efficiency Label

Part of CONPET, these efficiency labels recognize the light vehicles with the best energy performance in their class.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

Brazil: Energy Efficiency Label

Part of CONPET, these efficiency labels recognize the light vehicles with the best energy performance in their class.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

Brazil: Energy Efficiency Label

Part of CONPET, these efficiency labels recognize the light vehicles with the best energy performance in their class.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

Brazil: Tax incentive for small engines

Tax incentive for the production of models with engines under 1,000cc


 

Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: http://www.iea.org/Textbase/work/2006/indicators_apr26/Schaefer_Brazil.p...

Brazil: Tax incentive for small engines

Tax incentive for the production of models with engines under 1,000cc


 

Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: http://www.iea.org/Textbase/work/2006/indicators_apr26/Schaefer_Brazil.p...

Brazil: Tax incentive for small engines

Tax incentive for the production of models with engines under 1,000cc


 

Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: http://www.iea.org/Textbase/work/2006/indicators_apr26/Schaefer_Brazil.p...

Brazil: Tax incentive for small engines

Tax incentive for the production of models with engines under 1,000cc


 

Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: http://www.iea.org/Textbase/work/2006/indicators_apr26/Schaefer_Brazil.p...

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

Brazil: PROBIODIESEL - Brazilian Program of Technological Development for Biodiesel

India: The Motor Vehicle Act

This Act reevaluates and updates provisions of the previous act, which dated back to 1939. It sets rules, standards and procedures concerning the regulation of automotive vehicles and their use. Most relevant: setting auto emissions standards


Date Implemented: 1939; 1988

Status: In Force

India: The Motor Vehicle Act

This Act reevaluates and updates provisions of the previous act, which dated back to 1939. It sets rules, standards and procedures concerning the regulation of automotive vehicles and their use. Most relevant: setting auto emissions standards


Date Implemented: 1939; 1988

Status: In Force

India: The Motor Vehicle Act

This Act reevaluates and updates provisions of the previous act, which dated back to 1939. It sets rules, standards and procedures concerning the regulation of automotive vehicles and their use. Most relevant: setting auto emissions standards


Date Implemented: 1939; 1988

Status: In Force

India: The Motor Vehicle Act

This Act reevaluates and updates provisions of the previous act, which dated back to 1939. It sets rules, standards and procedures concerning the regulation of automotive vehicles and their use. Most relevant: setting auto emissions standards


Date Implemented: 1939; 1988

Status: In Force

India: The Motor Vehicle Act

This Act reevaluates and updates provisions of the previous act, which dated back to 1939. It sets rules, standards and procedures concerning the regulation of automotive vehicles and their use. Most relevant: setting auto emissions standards


Date Implemented: 1939; 1988

Status: In Force

India: The Motor Vehicle Act

This Act reevaluates and updates provisions of the previous act, which dated back to 1939. It sets rules, standards and procedures concerning the regulation of automotive vehicles and their use. Most relevant: setting auto emissions standards


Date Implemented: 1939; 1988

Status: In Force

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Ninth Plan

The Energy section of Gov’t of India’s 9th 5-year plan includes accelerated exploration for and production of hydrocarbons, equity oil abroad, efforts at managing energy demand through rational energy pricing, introduction of reforms through restructuring/deregulation of the energy sector to promote growth through increased efficiency and competitiveness, and the exploration of cleaner, alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 1997-2002

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: The Tenth Plan

India: National Highway Development Project

This is India’s largest ever highways project and a major initiative for capacity enhancement of national highways, converting roads into around 13,146 Km of 4-6 lane highways.  Projected results include uninterrupted traffic flow, savings in fuel consumption, and reduced GHG emissions.


Date Implemented: 1998

India: National Highway Development Project

This is India’s largest ever highways project and a major initiative for capacity enhancement of national highways, converting roads into around 13,146 Km of 4-6 lane highways.  Projected results include uninterrupted traffic flow, savings in fuel consumption, and reduced GHG emissions.


Date Implemented: 1998

India: National Highway Development Project

This is India’s largest ever highways project and a major initiative for capacity enhancement of national highways, converting roads into around 13,146 Km of 4-6 lane highways.  Projected results include uninterrupted traffic flow, savings in fuel consumption, and reduced GHG emissions.


Date Implemented: 1998

India: National Highway Development Project

This is India’s largest ever highways project and a major initiative for capacity enhancement of national highways, converting roads into around 13,146 Km of 4-6 lane highways.  Projected results include uninterrupted traffic flow, savings in fuel consumption, and reduced GHG emissions.


Date Implemented: 1998

India: National Highway Development Project

This is India’s largest ever highways project and a major initiative for capacity enhancement of national highways, converting roads into around 13,146 Km of 4-6 lane highways.  Projected results include uninterrupted traffic flow, savings in fuel consumption, and reduced GHG emissions.


Date Implemented: 1998

India: National Highway Development Project

This is India’s largest ever highways project and a major initiative for capacity enhancement of national highways, converting roads into around 13,146 Km of 4-6 lane highways.  Projected results include uninterrupted traffic flow, savings in fuel consumption, and reduced GHG emissions.


Date Implemented: 1998

India: National Highway Development Project

This is India’s largest ever highways project and a major initiative for capacity enhancement of national highways, converting roads into around 13,146 Km of 4-6 lane highways.  Projected results include uninterrupted traffic flow, savings in fuel consumption, and reduced GHG emissions.


Date Implemented: 1998

India: National Highway Development Project

This is India’s largest ever highways project and a major initiative for capacity enhancement of national highways, converting roads into around 13,146 Km of 4-6 lane highways.  Projected results include uninterrupted traffic flow, savings in fuel consumption, and reduced GHG emissions.


Date Implemented: 1998

India: Mass Rapid Transit System

The Government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, in equal partnership, set up a company named Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. under the Companies Act, 1956, to construct a MRTS in Delhi.  This Metro system will be integrated with other means of mass transit and will alleviate traffic congestion on national highways, thereby reducing the number of accidents and increasing public safety.  It will also reduce harmful emissions and pollution.

India: Mass Rapid Transit System

The Government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, in equal partnership, set up a company named Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. under the Companies Act, 1956, to construct a MRTS in Delhi.  This Metro system will be integrated with other means of mass transit and will alleviate traffic congestion on national highways, thereby reducing the number of accidents and increasing public safety.  It will also reduce harmful emissions and pollution.

India: Mass Rapid Transit System

The Government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, in equal partnership, set up a company named Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. under the Companies Act, 1956, to construct a MRTS in Delhi.  This Metro system will be integrated with other means of mass transit and will alleviate traffic congestion on national highways, thereby reducing the number of accidents and increasing public safety.  It will also reduce harmful emissions and pollution.

India: Mass Rapid Transit System

The Government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, in equal partnership, set up a company named Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. under the Companies Act, 1956, to construct a MRTS in Delhi.  This Metro system will be integrated with other means of mass transit and will alleviate traffic congestion on national highways, thereby reducing the number of accidents and increasing public safety.  It will also reduce harmful emissions and pollution.

India: Mass Rapid Transit System

The Government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, in equal partnership, set up a company named Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. under the Companies Act, 1956, to construct a MRTS in Delhi.  This Metro system will be integrated with other means of mass transit and will alleviate traffic congestion on national highways, thereby reducing the number of accidents and increasing public safety.  It will also reduce harmful emissions and pollution.

India: Mass Rapid Transit System

The Government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, in equal partnership, set up a company named Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. under the Companies Act, 1956, to construct a MRTS in Delhi.  This Metro system will be integrated with other means of mass transit and will alleviate traffic congestion on national highways, thereby reducing the number of accidents and increasing public safety.  It will also reduce harmful emissions and pollution.

India: Mass Rapid Transit System

The Government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, in equal partnership, set up a company named Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. under the Companies Act, 1956, to construct a MRTS in Delhi.  This Metro system will be integrated with other means of mass transit and will alleviate traffic congestion on national highways, thereby reducing the number of accidents and increasing public safety.  It will also reduce harmful emissions and pollution.

India: Mass Rapid Transit System

The Government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, in equal partnership, set up a company named Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. under the Companies Act, 1956, to construct a MRTS in Delhi.  This Metro system will be integrated with other means of mass transit and will alleviate traffic congestion on national highways, thereby reducing the number of accidents and increasing public safety.  It will also reduce harmful emissions and pollution.

India: Hydrocarbon Vision 2025

India: Hydrocarbon Vision 2025

India: Hydrocarbon Vision 2025

India: Hydrocarbon Vision 2025

India: Hydrocarbon Vision 2025

India: Hydrocarbon Vision 2025

India: Hydrocarbon Vision 2025

India: Hydrocarbon Vision 2025

India: Hydrocarbon Vision 2025

India: Auto Fuel Policy

Sets standard for efficient vehicles, cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.dieselnet.com/standards/in/

 

India: Auto Fuel Policy

Sets standard for efficient vehicles, cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.dieselnet.com/standards/in/

 

India: Auto Fuel Policy

Sets standard for efficient vehicles, cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.dieselnet.com/standards/in/

 

India: Auto Fuel Policy

Sets standard for efficient vehicles, cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.dieselnet.com/standards/in/

 

India: Auto Fuel Policy

Sets standard for efficient vehicles, cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.dieselnet.com/standards/in/

 

India: Auto Fuel Policy

Sets standard for efficient vehicles, cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.dieselnet.com/standards/in/

 

India: Auto Fuel Policy

Sets standard for efficient vehicles, cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.dieselnet.com/standards/in/

 

India: Fuel switching

Auto LPG is being supplied in the 10 most polluted cities of the country. CNG is being supplied for use as an auto fuel in Delhi and Mumbai and also as a domestic fuel.  It will gradually become available in other cities.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

India: Fuel switching

Auto LPG is being supplied in the 10 most polluted cities of the country. CNG is being supplied for use as an auto fuel in Delhi and Mumbai and also as a domestic fuel.  It will gradually become available in other cities.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

India: Fuel switching

Auto LPG is being supplied in the 10 most polluted cities of the country. CNG is being supplied for use as an auto fuel in Delhi and Mumbai and also as a domestic fuel.  It will gradually become available in other cities.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

India: Fuel switching

Auto LPG is being supplied in the 10 most polluted cities of the country. CNG is being supplied for use as an auto fuel in Delhi and Mumbai and also as a domestic fuel.  It will gradually become available in other cities.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

India: Fuel switching

Auto LPG is being supplied in the 10 most polluted cities of the country. CNG is being supplied for use as an auto fuel in Delhi and Mumbai and also as a domestic fuel.  It will gradually become available in other cities.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

India: Fuel switching

Auto LPG is being supplied in the 10 most polluted cities of the country. CNG is being supplied for use as an auto fuel in Delhi and Mumbai and also as a domestic fuel.  It will gradually become available in other cities.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

India: Motor Spirit-Ethanol Blending Projects

Blending of 5% ethanol in petrol


Status: In Force; Mandatory

Targets: to be raised to 10% later

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

India: Motor Spirit-Ethanol Blending Projects

Blending of 5% ethanol in petrol


Status: In Force; Mandatory

Targets: to be raised to 10% later

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

India: Motor Spirit-Ethanol Blending Projects

Blending of 5% ethanol in petrol


Status: In Force; Mandatory

Targets: to be raised to 10% later

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

India: Motor Spirit-Ethanol Blending Projects

Blending of 5% ethanol in petrol


Status: In Force; Mandatory

Targets: to be raised to 10% later

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

Mexico: Program to Improve the Air Quality in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (PROAIRE)

Includes more than 80 measures that affect transportation, industry, the service sector, natural resources, health, and education. It focuses on the reduction of ozone and particulate matter, and emphasizes environmental education and citizen participation.


Date Implemented: 2002-2010

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Mexico: Program to Improve the Air Quality in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (PROAIRE)

Includes more than 80 measures that affect transportation, industry, the service sector, natural resources, health, and education. It focuses on the reduction of ozone and particulate matter, and emphasizes environmental education and citizen participation.


Date Implemented: 2002-2010

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Mexico: Program to Improve the Air Quality in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (PROAIRE)

Includes more than 80 measures that affect transportation, industry, the service sector, natural resources, health, and education. It focuses on the reduction of ozone and particulate matter, and emphasizes environmental education and citizen participation.


Date Implemented: 2002-2010

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Mexico: Program to Improve the Air Quality in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (PROAIRE)

Includes more than 80 measures that affect transportation, industry, the service sector, natural resources, health, and education. It focuses on the reduction of ozone and particulate matter, and emphasizes environmental education and citizen participation.


Date Implemented: 2002-2010

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Mexico: Program to Improve the Air Quality in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (PROAIRE)

Includes more than 80 measures that affect transportation, industry, the service sector, natural resources, health, and education. It focuses on the reduction of ozone and particulate matter, and emphasizes environmental education and citizen participation.


Date Implemented: 2002-2010

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Mexico: Program to Improve the Air Quality in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (PROAIRE)

Includes more than 80 measures that affect transportation, industry, the service sector, natural resources, health, and education. It focuses on the reduction of ozone and particulate matter, and emphasizes environmental education and citizen participation.


Date Implemented: 2002-2010

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Mexico: Program to Improve the Air Quality in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (PROAIRE)

Includes more than 80 measures that affect transportation, industry, the service sector, natural resources, health, and education. It focuses on the reduction of ozone and particulate matter, and emphasizes environmental education and citizen participation.


Date Implemented: 2002-2010

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Mexico: Program to Improve the Air Quality in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (PROAIRE)

Includes more than 80 measures that affect transportation, industry, the service sector, natural resources, health, and education. It focuses on the reduction of ozone and particulate matter, and emphasizes environmental education and citizen participation.


Date Implemented: 2002-2010

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Mexico: Program to Improve the Air Quality in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (PROAIRE)

Includes more than 80 measures that affect transportation, industry, the service sector, natural resources, health, and education. It focuses on the reduction of ozone and particulate matter, and emphasizes environmental education and citizen participation.


Date Implemented: 2002-2010

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Mexico: City driver requirements

In major urban centers, private car drivers are required to have catalytic converters or refrain from driving one day a week (“Hoy no circula”).


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Mexico’s Environmental Issues, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/mexenv.html

Mexico: City driver requirements

In major urban centers, private car drivers are required to have catalytic converters or refrain from driving one day a week (“Hoy no circula”).


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Mexico’s Environmental Issues, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/mexenv.html

Mexico: City driver requirements

In major urban centers, private car drivers are required to have catalytic converters or refrain from driving one day a week (“Hoy no circula”).


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Mexico’s Environmental Issues, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/mexenv.html

Mexico: City driver requirements

In major urban centers, private car drivers are required to have catalytic converters or refrain from driving one day a week (“Hoy no circula”).


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Mexico’s Environmental Issues, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/mexenv.html

Mexico: City driver requirements

In major urban centers, private car drivers are required to have catalytic converters or refrain from driving one day a week (“Hoy no circula”).


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Mexico’s Environmental Issues, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/mexenv.html

Mexico: City driver requirements

In major urban centers, private car drivers are required to have catalytic converters or refrain from driving one day a week (“Hoy no circula”).


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Mexico’s Environmental Issues, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/mexenv.html

Mexico: City driver requirements

In major urban centers, private car drivers are required to have catalytic converters or refrain from driving one day a week (“Hoy no circula”).


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Mexico’s Environmental Issues, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/mexenv.html

Mexico: National Commission for Energy Saving (CONAE):

CONAE/ Ministry of Energy estimates that the savings in natural gas demand in the power generation (energy) sector will be approximately 5.33% in 2003, 5.24% in 2007 and decrease from that year onwards to reach a low of 3.61% in 2012  for intermediate years and the savings in fossil fuel demand in the transport sector as a result of energy efficiency measures will be approximately 0.04% in 2003 and reach 0.08% by 2012 for intermediate years.

Mexico: National Commission for Energy Saving (CONAE):

CONAE/ Ministry of Energy estimates that the savings in natural gas demand in the power generation (energy) sector will be approximately 5.33% in 2003, 5.24% in 2007 and decrease from that year onwards to reach a low of 3.61% in 2012  for intermediate years and the savings in fossil fuel demand in the transport sector as a result of energy efficiency measures will be approximately 0.04% in 2003 and reach 0.08% by 2012 for intermediate years.

Mexico: National Commission for Energy Saving (CONAE):

CONAE/ Ministry of Energy estimates that the savings in natural gas demand in the power generation (energy) sector will be approximately 5.33% in 2003, 5.24% in 2007 and decrease from that year onwards to reach a low of 3.61% in 2012  for intermediate years and the savings in fossil fuel demand in the transport sector as a result of energy efficiency measures will be approximately 0.04% in 2003 and reach 0.08% by 2012 for intermediate years.

Mexico: National Commission for Energy Saving (CONAE):

CONAE/ Ministry of Energy estimates that the savings in natural gas demand in the power generation (energy) sector will be approximately 5.33% in 2003, 5.24% in 2007 and decrease from that year onwards to reach a low of 3.61% in 2012  for intermediate years and the savings in fossil fuel demand in the transport sector as a result of energy efficiency measures will be approximately 0.04% in 2003 and reach 0.08% by 2012 for intermediate years.

Mexico: National Commission for Energy Saving (CONAE):

CONAE/ Ministry of Energy estimates that the savings in natural gas demand in the power generation (energy) sector will be approximately 5.33% in 2003, 5.24% in 2007 and decrease from that year onwards to reach a low of 3.61% in 2012  for intermediate years and the savings in fossil fuel demand in the transport sector as a result of energy efficiency measures will be approximately 0.04% in 2003 and reach 0.08% by 2012 for intermediate years.

Mexico: National Commission for Energy Saving (CONAE):

CONAE/ Ministry of Energy estimates that the savings in natural gas demand in the power generation (energy) sector will be approximately 5.33% in 2003, 5.24% in 2007 and decrease from that year onwards to reach a low of 3.61% in 2012  for intermediate years and the savings in fossil fuel demand in the transport sector as a result of energy efficiency measures will be approximately 0.04% in 2003 and reach 0.08% by 2012 for intermediate years.

Mexico: National Commission for Energy Saving (CONAE):

CONAE/ Ministry of Energy estimates that the savings in natural gas demand in the power generation (energy) sector will be approximately 5.33% in 2003, 5.24% in 2007 and decrease from that year onwards to reach a low of 3.61% in 2012  for intermediate years and the savings in fossil fuel demand in the transport sector as a result of energy efficiency measures will be approximately 0.04% in 2003 and reach 0.08% by 2012 for intermediate years.

Mexico: National Commission for Energy Saving (CONAE):

CONAE/ Ministry of Energy estimates that the savings in natural gas demand in the power generation (energy) sector will be approximately 5.33% in 2003, 5.24% in 2007 and decrease from that year onwards to reach a low of 3.61% in 2012  for intermediate years and the savings in fossil fuel demand in the transport sector as a result of energy efficiency measures will be approximately 0.04% in 2003 and reach 0.08% by 2012 for intermediate years.

Mexico: National Commission for Energy Saving (CONAE):

CONAE/ Ministry of Energy estimates that the savings in natural gas demand in the power generation (energy) sector will be approximately 5.33% in 2003, 5.24% in 2007 and decrease from that year onwards to reach a low of 3.61% in 2012  for intermediate years and the savings in fossil fuel demand in the transport sector as a result of energy efficiency measures will be approximately 0.04% in 2003 and reach 0.08% by 2012 for intermediate years.

Mexico: Freight vehicle renewal programme

Payments to replace old, inefficient freight vehicles available to 2007


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: ECMT Env Group 19 May 2005

http://www.iea.org/textbase/pamsdb/detail.aspx?mode=weo&id=3222 

Mexico: Freight vehicle renewal programme

Payments to replace old, inefficient freight vehicles available to 2007


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: ECMT Env Group 19 May 2005

http://www.iea.org/textbase/pamsdb/detail.aspx?mode=weo&id=3222 

Mexico: Freight vehicle renewal programme

Payments to replace old, inefficient freight vehicles available to 2007


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: ECMT Env Group 19 May 2005

http://www.iea.org/textbase/pamsdb/detail.aspx?mode=weo&id=3222 

Mexico: Freight vehicle renewal programme

Payments to replace old, inefficient freight vehicles available to 2007


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: ECMT Env Group 19 May 2005

http://www.iea.org/textbase/pamsdb/detail.aspx?mode=weo&id=3222 

Mexico: Freight vehicle renewal programme

Payments to replace old, inefficient freight vehicles available to 2007


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: ECMT Env Group 19 May 2005

http://www.iea.org/textbase/pamsdb/detail.aspx?mode=weo&id=3222 

Mexico: Freight vehicle renewal programme

Payments to replace old, inefficient freight vehicles available to 2007


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: ECMT Env Group 19 May 2005

http://www.iea.org/textbase/pamsdb/detail.aspx?mode=weo&id=3222 

Mexico: Initiative to modify the Federal Rights Law

Intends that fossil fuels pay a right based on the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emitted during their combustion, penalizing their consumption under “the polluter pays principle”. For liquid fuels, it proposes rights of 0.52¢ to 0.97¢ peso per liter and a greater tax for solid fuels. For natural gas, it proposes rights of 19.7¢ of weight per thousand cubic feet. Income generated will be destined to the promotion of RE.


References:

Mexico: Initiative to modify the Federal Rights Law

Intends that fossil fuels pay a right based on the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emitted during their combustion, penalizing their consumption under “the polluter pays principle”. For liquid fuels, it proposes rights of 0.52¢ to 0.97¢ peso per liter and a greater tax for solid fuels. For natural gas, it proposes rights of 19.7¢ of weight per thousand cubic feet. Income generated will be destined to the promotion of RE.


References:

Mexico: Initiative to modify the Federal Rights Law

Intends that fossil fuels pay a right based on the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emitted during their combustion, penalizing their consumption under “the polluter pays principle”. For liquid fuels, it proposes rights of 0.52¢ to 0.97¢ peso per liter and a greater tax for solid fuels. For natural gas, it proposes rights of 19.7¢ of weight per thousand cubic feet. Income generated will be destined to the promotion of RE.


References:

Mexico: Initiative to modify the Federal Rights Law

Intends that fossil fuels pay a right based on the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emitted during their combustion, penalizing their consumption under “the polluter pays principle”. For liquid fuels, it proposes rights of 0.52¢ to 0.97¢ peso per liter and a greater tax for solid fuels. For natural gas, it proposes rights of 19.7¢ of weight per thousand cubic feet. Income generated will be destined to the promotion of RE.


References:

Mexico: Initiative to modify the Federal Rights Law

Intends that fossil fuels pay a right based on the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emitted during their combustion, penalizing their consumption under “the polluter pays principle”. For liquid fuels, it proposes rights of 0.52¢ to 0.97¢ peso per liter and a greater tax for solid fuels. For natural gas, it proposes rights of 19.7¢ of weight per thousand cubic feet. Income generated will be destined to the promotion of RE.


References:

Mexico: Initiative to modify the Federal Rights Law

Intends that fossil fuels pay a right based on the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emitted during their combustion, penalizing their consumption under “the polluter pays principle”. For liquid fuels, it proposes rights of 0.52¢ to 0.97¢ peso per liter and a greater tax for solid fuels. For natural gas, it proposes rights of 19.7¢ of weight per thousand cubic feet. Income generated will be destined to the promotion of RE.


References:

Indonesia: Blue Sky Program (Program Langit Biru) Decree No. 1585/k/32/MPE

Indonesia: Blue Sky Program (Program Langit Biru) Decree No. 1585/k/32/MPE

Indonesia: Blue Sky Program (Program Langit Biru) Decree No. 1585/k/32/MPE

Indonesia: Blue Sky Program (Program Langit Biru) Decree No. 1585/k/32/MPE

Indonesia: Blue Sky Program (Program Langit Biru) Decree No. 1585/k/32/MPE

Indonesia: Blue Sky Program (Program Langit Biru) Decree No. 1585/k/32/MPE

Indonesia: Blue Sky Program (Program Langit Biru) Decree No. 1585/k/32/MPE

Indonesia: Blue Sky Program (Program Langit Biru) Decree No. 1585/k/32/MPE

Indonesia: Blue Sky Program (Program Langit Biru) Decree No. 1585/k/32/MPE

Indonesia: Blue Sky Program (Program Langit Biru) Decree No. 1585/k/32/MPE

Indonesia: Area traffic control system (ATCS)

Indonesia: Area traffic control system (ATCS)

Indonesia: Area traffic control system (ATCS)

Indonesia: Area traffic control system (ATCS)

Indonesia: Area traffic control system (ATCS)

Indonesia: Area traffic control system (ATCS)

Indonesia: Smog Check

A mandatory regulation requiring all vehicles to pass an emission or smog check before paying the annual taxes. 


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Funding Information: The government will elect a set of privately owned repair shops as certifying agencies for these smog tests.

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Indonesia: Smog Check

A mandatory regulation requiring all vehicles to pass an emission or smog check before paying the annual taxes. 


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Funding Information: The government will elect a set of privately owned repair shops as certifying agencies for these smog tests.

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Indonesia: Smog Check

A mandatory regulation requiring all vehicles to pass an emission or smog check before paying the annual taxes. 


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Funding Information: The government will elect a set of privately owned repair shops as certifying agencies for these smog tests.

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Indonesia: Smog Check

A mandatory regulation requiring all vehicles to pass an emission or smog check before paying the annual taxes. 


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Funding Information: The government will elect a set of privately owned repair shops as certifying agencies for these smog tests.

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Indonesia: Smog Check

A mandatory regulation requiring all vehicles to pass an emission or smog check before paying the annual taxes. 


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Funding Information: The government will elect a set of privately owned repair shops as certifying agencies for these smog tests.

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Indonesia: Smog Check

A mandatory regulation requiring all vehicles to pass an emission or smog check before paying the annual taxes. 


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Funding Information: The government will elect a set of privately owned repair shops as certifying agencies for these smog tests.

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Indonesia: National Energy Conservation Plan/ Rencana Induk Konservasi Energi Nasional (RIKEN)- Decree No. 100.K

Indonesia: National Energy Conservation Plan/ Rencana Induk Konservasi Energi Nasional (RIKEN)- Decree No. 100.K

Indonesia: National Energy Conservation Plan/ Rencana Induk Konservasi Energi Nasional (RIKEN)- Decree No. 100.K

Indonesia: National Energy Conservation Plan/ Rencana Induk Konservasi Energi Nasional (RIKEN)- Decree No. 100.K

Indonesia: National Energy Conservation Plan/ Rencana Induk Konservasi Energi Nasional (RIKEN)- Decree No. 100.K

Indonesia: National Energy Conservation Plan/ Rencana Induk Konservasi Energi Nasional (RIKEN)- Decree No. 100.K

Indonesia: National Energy Conservation Plan/ Rencana Induk Konservasi Energi Nasional (RIKEN)- Decree No. 100.K

Indonesia: National Energy Conservation Plan/ Rencana Induk Konservasi Energi Nasional (RIKEN)- Decree No. 100.K

Indonesia: National Energy Conservation Plan/ Rencana Induk Konservasi Energi Nasional (RIKEN)- Decree No. 100.K

Indonesia: Act no 14 on Traffic and Land Transportation

All motorized vehicles are subject to testing regarding emissions and noise.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Act no 14 on Traffic and Land Transportation

All motorized vehicles are subject to testing regarding emissions and noise.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Act no 14 on Traffic and Land Transportation

All motorized vehicles are subject to testing regarding emissions and noise.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Act no 14 on Traffic and Land Transportation

All motorized vehicles are subject to testing regarding emissions and noise.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Act no 14 on Traffic and Land Transportation

All motorized vehicles are subject to testing regarding emissions and noise.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Act no 14 on Traffic and Land Transportation

All motorized vehicles are subject to testing regarding emissions and noise.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Act no 14 on Traffic and Land Transportation

All motorized vehicles are subject to testing regarding emissions and noise.


Date Implemented: 1992

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Government Regulation No44 regarding vehicles and vehicle operation

 Describes the technical requirements for vehicles, road worthiness, and driving regulations. Article 127 specifies that road worthiness of a vehicle includes meeting the emission and noise limits set by the Ministry of the Environment.  The Ministry of Transportation/Communication is to oversee the implementation of these regulations, including emissions testing.


Date Implemented: 1993

Indonesia: Government Regulation No44 regarding vehicles and vehicle operation

 Describes the technical requirements for vehicles, road worthiness, and driving regulations. Article 127 specifies that road worthiness of a vehicle includes meeting the emission and noise limits set by the Ministry of the Environment.  The Ministry of Transportation/Communication is to oversee the implementation of these regulations, including emissions testing.


Date Implemented: 1993

Indonesia: Government Regulation No44 regarding vehicles and vehicle operation

 Describes the technical requirements for vehicles, road worthiness, and driving regulations. Article 127 specifies that road worthiness of a vehicle includes meeting the emission and noise limits set by the Ministry of the Environment.  The Ministry of Transportation/Communication is to oversee the implementation of these regulations, including emissions testing.


Date Implemented: 1993

Indonesia: Government Regulation No44 regarding vehicles and vehicle operation

 Describes the technical requirements for vehicles, road worthiness, and driving regulations. Article 127 specifies that road worthiness of a vehicle includes meeting the emission and noise limits set by the Ministry of the Environment.  The Ministry of Transportation/Communication is to oversee the implementation of these regulations, including emissions testing.


Date Implemented: 1993

Indonesia: Government Regulation No44 regarding vehicles and vehicle operation

 Describes the technical requirements for vehicles, road worthiness, and driving regulations. Article 127 specifies that road worthiness of a vehicle includes meeting the emission and noise limits set by the Ministry of the Environment.  The Ministry of Transportation/Communication is to oversee the implementation of these regulations, including emissions testing.


Date Implemented: 1993

Indonesia: Government Regulation No44 regarding vehicles and vehicle operation

 Describes the technical requirements for vehicles, road worthiness, and driving regulations. Article 127 specifies that road worthiness of a vehicle includes meeting the emission and noise limits set by the Ministry of the Environment.  The Ministry of Transportation/Communication is to oversee the implementation of these regulations, including emissions testing.


Date Implemented: 1993

Indonesia: Government Regulation No44 regarding vehicles and vehicle operation

 Describes the technical requirements for vehicles, road worthiness, and driving regulations. Article 127 specifies that road worthiness of a vehicle includes meeting the emission and noise limits set by the Ministry of the Environment.  The Ministry of Transportation/Communication is to oversee the implementation of these regulations, including emissions testing.


Date Implemented: 1993

Indonesia: Minister for Transportation/Communications Decree No. KM-8-1989 on Vehicle Emissions Standards in the Context of Road Worthiness

This policy sets the limits for CO and HC emissions for vehicles to be considered ‘road worthy’.


Date Implemented: 1989

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Indonesia: Minister for Transportation/Communications Decree No. KM-8-1989 on Vehicle Emissions Standards in the Context of Road Worthiness

This policy sets the limits for CO and HC emissions for vehicles to be considered ‘road worthy’.


Date Implemented: 1989

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Indonesia: Minister for Transportation/Communications Decree No. KM-8-1989 on Vehicle Emissions Standards in the Context of Road Worthiness

This policy sets the limits for CO and HC emissions for vehicles to be considered ‘road worthy’.


Date Implemented: 1989

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Indonesia: Minister for Transportation/Communications Decree No. KM-8-1989 on Vehicle Emissions Standards in the Context of Road Worthiness

This policy sets the limits for CO and HC emissions for vehicles to be considered ‘road worthy’.


Date Implemented: 1989

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Indonesia: Minister for Transportation/Communications Decree No. KM-8-1989 on Vehicle Emissions Standards in the Context of Road Worthiness

This policy sets the limits for CO and HC emissions for vehicles to be considered ‘road worthy’.


Date Implemented: 1989

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Indonesia: Minister for Transportation/Communications Decree No. KM-8-1989 on Vehicle Emissions Standards in the Context of Road Worthiness

This policy sets the limits for CO and HC emissions for vehicles to be considered ‘road worthy’.


Date Implemented: 1989

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Indonesia: Minister for Transportation/Communications Decree No. KM-8-1989 on Vehicle Emissions Standards in the Context of Road Worthiness

This policy sets the limits for CO and HC emissions for vehicles to be considered ‘road worthy’.


Date Implemented: 1989

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Indonesia: Minister of Environment Decree No. Kep-35/MENLH/10/1993 regarding Emission Limit for Gas Waste of Motor Vehicles

This decree limits for CO and HC emissions for motor vehicles.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Minister of Environment Decree No. Kep-35/MENLH/10/1993 regarding Emission Limit for Gas Waste of Motor Vehicles

This decree limits for CO and HC emissions for motor vehicles.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Minister of Environment Decree No. Kep-35/MENLH/10/1993 regarding Emission Limit for Gas Waste of Motor Vehicles

This decree limits for CO and HC emissions for motor vehicles.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Minister of Environment Decree No. Kep-35/MENLH/10/1993 regarding Emission Limit for Gas Waste of Motor Vehicles

This decree limits for CO and HC emissions for motor vehicles.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Minister of Environment Decree No. Kep-35/MENLH/10/1993 regarding Emission Limit for Gas Waste of Motor Vehicles

This decree limits for CO and HC emissions for motor vehicles.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Minister of Environment Decree No. Kep-35/MENLH/10/1993 regarding Emission Limit for Gas Waste of Motor Vehicles

This decree limits for CO and HC emissions for motor vehicles.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Minister of Environment Decree No. Kep-35/MENLH/10/1993 regarding Emission Limit for Gas Waste of Motor Vehicles

This decree limits for CO and HC emissions for motor vehicles.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Governor of DKI Jakarta Decree No 1041 on Motor Vehicle Emission Standards for DKI Jakarta

Sets emissions standards. Issued by local/city governments.


Date Implemented: 2000

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Governor of DKI Jakarta Decree No 1041 on Motor Vehicle Emission Standards for DKI Jakarta

Sets emissions standards. Issued by local/city governments.


Date Implemented: 2000

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Governor of DKI Jakarta Decree No 1041 on Motor Vehicle Emission Standards for DKI Jakarta

Sets emissions standards. Issued by local/city governments.


Date Implemented: 2000

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Governor of DKI Jakarta Decree No 1041 on Motor Vehicle Emission Standards for DKI Jakarta

Sets emissions standards. Issued by local/city governments.


Date Implemented: 2000

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: Governor of DKI Jakarta Decree No 1041 on Motor Vehicle Emission Standards for DKI Jakarta

Sets emissions standards. Issued by local/city governments.


Date Implemented: 2000

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: Indonesia Environment Monitor 2003, World Bank, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/eap/eap.nsf/Attachments/062403-EnvMonitor2003/$File/indo+monitor.pdf

 

Indonesia: The National Energy Policy

In its national energy policy for the years 2005-2020, the Indonesian government aims to increase energy efficienct, promote renewables, implement Demand Side Management and use cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2005-2020

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

Targets: to have at least 5% share of renewable energy in the national energy mixby 2020

Indonesia: The National Energy Policy

In its national energy policy for the years 2005-2020, the Indonesian government aims to increase energy efficienct, promote renewables, implement Demand Side Management and use cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2005-2020

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

Targets: to have at least 5% share of renewable energy in the national energy mixby 2020

Indonesia: The National Energy Policy

In its national energy policy for the years 2005-2020, the Indonesian government aims to increase energy efficienct, promote renewables, implement Demand Side Management and use cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2005-2020

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

Targets: to have at least 5% share of renewable energy in the national energy mixby 2020

Indonesia: The National Energy Policy

In its national energy policy for the years 2005-2020, the Indonesian government aims to increase energy efficienct, promote renewables, implement Demand Side Management and use cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2005-2020

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

Targets: to have at least 5% share of renewable energy in the national energy mixby 2020

Indonesia: The National Energy Policy

In its national energy policy for the years 2005-2020, the Indonesian government aims to increase energy efficienct, promote renewables, implement Demand Side Management and use cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2005-2020

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

Targets: to have at least 5% share of renewable energy in the national energy mixby 2020

Indonesia: The National Energy Policy

In its national energy policy for the years 2005-2020, the Indonesian government aims to increase energy efficienct, promote renewables, implement Demand Side Management and use cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2005-2020

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

Targets: to have at least 5% share of renewable energy in the national energy mixby 2020

Indonesia: The National Energy Policy

In its national energy policy for the years 2005-2020, the Indonesian government aims to increase energy efficienct, promote renewables, implement Demand Side Management and use cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2005-2020

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

Targets: to have at least 5% share of renewable energy in the national energy mixby 2020

Indonesia: The National Energy Policy

In its national energy policy for the years 2005-2020, the Indonesian government aims to increase energy efficienct, promote renewables, implement Demand Side Management and use cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2005-2020

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

Targets: to have at least 5% share of renewable energy in the national energy mixby 2020

Indonesia: The National Energy Policy

In its national energy policy for the years 2005-2020, the Indonesian government aims to increase energy efficienct, promote renewables, implement Demand Side Management and use cleaner fuels.


Date Implemented: 2005-2020

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

Targets: to have at least 5% share of renewable energy in the national energy mixby 2020

South Africa: National Land Transport Transition Act

This Act describes the measures required to transform and restructure the land transport system. Priority to public transport services over private by ensuring adequate public transport services and applying demand-management strategies to discourage private transport.  It also advocates conducting public awareness programs to foster energy awareness in the users of land transport systems.


Date Implemented: 2000

South Africa: National Land Transport Transition Act

This Act describes the measures required to transform and restructure the land transport system. Priority to public transport services over private by ensuring adequate public transport services and applying demand-management strategies to discourage private transport.  It also advocates conducting public awareness programs to foster energy awareness in the users of land transport systems.


Date Implemented: 2000

South Africa: National Land Transport Transition Act

This Act describes the measures required to transform and restructure the land transport system. Priority to public transport services over private by ensuring adequate public transport services and applying demand-management strategies to discourage private transport.  It also advocates conducting public awareness programs to foster energy awareness in the users of land transport systems.


Date Implemented: 2000

South Africa: National Land Transport Transition Act

This Act describes the measures required to transform and restructure the land transport system. Priority to public transport services over private by ensuring adequate public transport services and applying demand-management strategies to discourage private transport.  It also advocates conducting public awareness programs to foster energy awareness in the users of land transport systems.


Date Implemented: 2000

South Africa: National Land Transport Transition Act

This Act describes the measures required to transform and restructure the land transport system. Priority to public transport services over private by ensuring adequate public transport services and applying demand-management strategies to discourage private transport.  It also advocates conducting public awareness programs to foster energy awareness in the users of land transport systems.


Date Implemented: 2000

South Africa: Moving South Africa Project/The Moving South Africa Action Agenda

South Africa: Moving South Africa Project/The Moving South Africa Action Agenda

South Africa: Moving South Africa Project/The Moving South Africa Action Agenda

South Africa: Moving South Africa Project/The Moving South Africa Action Agenda

South Africa: Moving South Africa Project/The Moving South Africa Action Agenda

South Africa: Moving South Africa Project/The Moving South Africa Action Agenda

South Africa: Moving South Africa Project/The Moving South Africa Action Agenda

South Africa: Clean Commute project

The project promotes energy conservation options such as pooling schemes for cars and vans, flexible work hours and telecommuting to reduce the numbers of single occupancy vehicles on the roads. A business plan is also being developed for the establishment of a Commuter Information Centre.


Status: Voluntary

South Africa: Clean Commute project

The project promotes energy conservation options such as pooling schemes for cars and vans, flexible work hours and telecommuting to reduce the numbers of single occupancy vehicles on the roads. A business plan is also being developed for the establishment of a Commuter Information Centre.


Status: Voluntary

South Africa: Clean Commute project

The project promotes energy conservation options such as pooling schemes for cars and vans, flexible work hours and telecommuting to reduce the numbers of single occupancy vehicles on the roads. A business plan is also being developed for the establishment of a Commuter Information Centre.


Status: Voluntary

South Africa: Clean Commute project

The project promotes energy conservation options such as pooling schemes for cars and vans, flexible work hours and telecommuting to reduce the numbers of single occupancy vehicles on the roads. A business plan is also being developed for the establishment of a Commuter Information Centre.


Status: Voluntary

South Africa: Clean Commute project

The project promotes energy conservation options such as pooling schemes for cars and vans, flexible work hours and telecommuting to reduce the numbers of single occupancy vehicles on the roads. A business plan is also being developed for the establishment of a Commuter Information Centre.


Status: Voluntary

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: White Paper on Renewable Energy

South Africa: The White Paper on National Transport Policy

South Africa: The White Paper on National Transport Policy

South Africa: The White Paper on National Transport Policy

South Africa: The White Paper on National Transport Policy

South Africa: The White Paper on National Transport Policy

South Africa: The White Paper on National Transport Policy

South Africa: Rural Transport Strategy

This policy aims to improve public transport services in rural areas and to provide rural populations with roads and access lanes to facilitate inter-village/farm transport options.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Funding Information:

Milestones:

South Africa: Rural Transport Strategy

This policy aims to improve public transport services in rural areas and to provide rural populations with roads and access lanes to facilitate inter-village/farm transport options.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Funding Information:

Milestones:

South Africa: Rural Transport Strategy

This policy aims to improve public transport services in rural areas and to provide rural populations with roads and access lanes to facilitate inter-village/farm transport options.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Funding Information:

Milestones:

South Africa: Rural Transport Strategy

This policy aims to improve public transport services in rural areas and to provide rural populations with roads and access lanes to facilitate inter-village/farm transport options.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

Funding Information:

Milestones:

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Air quality act (No 39 of 2004)

This Act mandates that norms, standards, mechanisms, systems and procedures be issued to improve air quality. It establishes the national framework within which these standards will be created, giving the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism or the members of the Executive Council of a privince (MEC) the authority to issue standards, enforce regulations and other measures and implement penalties for noncompliance and establish “funding arrangements.”

South Africa: Taxi Recapitalisation Programme

The government is offering to pay taxi drivers to scrap their old, unsafe, polluting vehicles in an attempt to clean up and regulate the taxi fleet.  If drivers fail to turn in their vehicles during the window of opportunity, within which they would receive a scrapping allowance of R50 000,00, their vehicles will be impounded.  The renewal of the taxi system and its management will then be taken over by the municipalities.  The plan for this process is being finalized.

South Africa: Taxi Recapitalisation Programme

The government is offering to pay taxi drivers to scrap their old, unsafe, polluting vehicles in an attempt to clean up and regulate the taxi fleet.  If drivers fail to turn in their vehicles during the window of opportunity, within which they would receive a scrapping allowance of R50 000,00, their vehicles will be impounded.  The renewal of the taxi system and its management will then be taken over by the municipalities.  The plan for this process is being finalized.

South Africa: Taxi Recapitalisation Programme

The government is offering to pay taxi drivers to scrap their old, unsafe, polluting vehicles in an attempt to clean up and regulate the taxi fleet.  If drivers fail to turn in their vehicles during the window of opportunity, within which they would receive a scrapping allowance of R50 000,00, their vehicles will be impounded.  The renewal of the taxi system and its management will then be taken over by the municipalities.  The plan for this process is being finalized.

South Africa: Taxi Recapitalisation Programme

The government is offering to pay taxi drivers to scrap their old, unsafe, polluting vehicles in an attempt to clean up and regulate the taxi fleet.  If drivers fail to turn in their vehicles during the window of opportunity, within which they would receive a scrapping allowance of R50 000,00, their vehicles will be impounded.  The renewal of the taxi system and its management will then be taken over by the municipalities.  The plan for this process is being finalized.

South Africa: Taxi Recapitalisation Programme

The government is offering to pay taxi drivers to scrap their old, unsafe, polluting vehicles in an attempt to clean up and regulate the taxi fleet.  If drivers fail to turn in their vehicles during the window of opportunity, within which they would receive a scrapping allowance of R50 000,00, their vehicles will be impounded.  The renewal of the taxi system and its management will then be taken over by the municipalities.  The plan for this process is being finalized.

South Africa: Joint implementation strategy for the control of exhaust emissions from road-going vehicles.

South Africa: Joint implementation strategy for the control of exhaust emissions from road-going vehicles.

South Africa: Joint implementation strategy for the control of exhaust emissions from road-going vehicles.

South Africa: Joint implementation strategy for the control of exhaust emissions from road-going vehicles.

South Africa: Joint implementation strategy for the control of exhaust emissions from road-going vehicles.

South Africa: Joint implementation strategy for the control of exhaust emissions from road-going vehicles.

South Africa: Joint implementation strategy for the control of exhaust emissions from road-going vehicles.

South Africa: Joint implementation strategy for the control of exhaust emissions from road-going vehicles.

South Africa: Energy Efficiency Accord

South Africa: Energy Efficiency Accord

South Africa: Energy Efficiency Accord

South Africa: Energy Efficiency Accord

South Africa: Energy Efficiency Accord

South Africa: Energy Efficiency Accord

South Africa: Energy Efficiency Accord

South Africa: Energy Efficiency Accord

Iran: Collecting old, polluting cars

The Iranian government has implemented this policy whereby older cars, responsible for most of the urban pollution, are collected. The owners of these vehicles are compensated and provided with low-interest loans to buy replacement automobiles.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: http://www.atiehbahar.com/Resources/Environment.pdf

 

Iran: Collecting old, polluting cars

The Iranian government has implemented this policy whereby older cars, responsible for most of the urban pollution, are collected. The owners of these vehicles are compensated and provided with low-interest loans to buy replacement automobiles.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: http://www.atiehbahar.com/Resources/Environment.pdf

 

Iran: Collecting old, polluting cars

The Iranian government has implemented this policy whereby older cars, responsible for most of the urban pollution, are collected. The owners of these vehicles are compensated and provided with low-interest loans to buy replacement automobiles.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: http://www.atiehbahar.com/Resources/Environment.pdf

 

Iran: Collecting old, polluting cars

The Iranian government has implemented this policy whereby older cars, responsible for most of the urban pollution, are collected. The owners of these vehicles are compensated and provided with low-interest loans to buy replacement automobiles.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: http://www.atiehbahar.com/Resources/Environment.pdf

 

Iran: Collecting old, polluting cars

The Iranian government has implemented this policy whereby older cars, responsible for most of the urban pollution, are collected. The owners of these vehicles are compensated and provided with low-interest loans to buy replacement automobiles.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: http://www.atiehbahar.com/Resources/Environment.pdf

 

Iran: Collecting old, polluting cars

The Iranian government has implemented this policy whereby older cars, responsible for most of the urban pollution, are collected. The owners of these vehicles are compensated and provided with low-interest loans to buy replacement automobiles.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: http://www.atiehbahar.com/Resources/Environment.pdf

 

Iran: Air pollution emissions standards of 1998

All cars, both imported and domestic, have had to meet the ECEISO4 standards for emissions, and in the upcoming Iranian year manufacturers will be required to observe ECE-R83 standards, and the standards for light vehicles in Iran have been effectively  increased to ECE R15.04 / ECE R49. Although already an accepted standard in Iran, this was generally not enforced until 2000.


Date Implemented: 1999/2000

Iran: Air pollution emissions standards of 1998

All cars, both imported and domestic, have had to meet the ECEISO4 standards for emissions, and in the upcoming Iranian year manufacturers will be required to observe ECE-R83 standards, and the standards for light vehicles in Iran have been effectively  increased to ECE R15.04 / ECE R49. Although already an accepted standard in Iran, this was generally not enforced until 2000.


Date Implemented: 1999/2000

Iran: Air pollution emissions standards of 1998

All cars, both imported and domestic, have had to meet the ECEISO4 standards for emissions, and in the upcoming Iranian year manufacturers will be required to observe ECE-R83 standards, and the standards for light vehicles in Iran have been effectively  increased to ECE R15.04 / ECE R49. Although already an accepted standard in Iran, this was generally not enforced until 2000.


Date Implemented: 1999/2000

Iran: Air pollution emissions standards of 1998

All cars, both imported and domestic, have had to meet the ECEISO4 standards for emissions, and in the upcoming Iranian year manufacturers will be required to observe ECE-R83 standards, and the standards for light vehicles in Iran have been effectively  increased to ECE R15.04 / ECE R49. Although already an accepted standard in Iran, this was generally not enforced until 2000.


Date Implemented: 1999/2000

Iran: Air pollution emissions standards of 1998

All cars, both imported and domestic, have had to meet the ECEISO4 standards for emissions, and in the upcoming Iranian year manufacturers will be required to observe ECE-R83 standards, and the standards for light vehicles in Iran have been effectively  increased to ECE R15.04 / ECE R49. Although already an accepted standard in Iran, this was generally not enforced until 2000.


Date Implemented: 1999/2000

Iran: Air pollution emissions standards of 1998

All cars, both imported and domestic, have had to meet the ECEISO4 standards for emissions, and in the upcoming Iranian year manufacturers will be required to observe ECE-R83 standards, and the standards for light vehicles in Iran have been effectively  increased to ECE R15.04 / ECE R49. Although already an accepted standard in Iran, this was generally not enforced until 2000.


Date Implemented: 1999/2000

Iran: Air Pollution Abatement Programme

Tehran Municipality will convert 1,500 diesel-fuelled buses to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). A mandatory emission inspection and control program was set up for motor vehicles permitted to enter the city’s Restricted Traffic Zone (RTZ). Lanes were specifically designated for buses. As a result, urban bus services, including ridership have increased in the last three years by thirty-five percent and average trip time has decreased. A Park and Ride facility with a capacity of 200 cars has also increased bus ridership.

Iran: Air Pollution Abatement Programme

Tehran Municipality will convert 1,500 diesel-fuelled buses to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). A mandatory emission inspection and control program was set up for motor vehicles permitted to enter the city’s Restricted Traffic Zone (RTZ). Lanes were specifically designated for buses. As a result, urban bus services, including ridership have increased in the last three years by thirty-five percent and average trip time has decreased. A Park and Ride facility with a capacity of 200 cars has also increased bus ridership.

Iran: Air Pollution Abatement Programme

Tehran Municipality will convert 1,500 diesel-fuelled buses to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). A mandatory emission inspection and control program was set up for motor vehicles permitted to enter the city’s Restricted Traffic Zone (RTZ). Lanes were specifically designated for buses. As a result, urban bus services, including ridership have increased in the last three years by thirty-five percent and average trip time has decreased. A Park and Ride facility with a capacity of 200 cars has also increased bus ridership.

Iran: Air Pollution Abatement Programme

Tehran Municipality will convert 1,500 diesel-fuelled buses to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). A mandatory emission inspection and control program was set up for motor vehicles permitted to enter the city’s Restricted Traffic Zone (RTZ). Lanes were specifically designated for buses. As a result, urban bus services, including ridership have increased in the last three years by thirty-five percent and average trip time has decreased. A Park and Ride facility with a capacity of 200 cars has also increased bus ridership.

Iran: Air Pollution Abatement Programme

Tehran Municipality will convert 1,500 diesel-fuelled buses to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). A mandatory emission inspection and control program was set up for motor vehicles permitted to enter the city’s Restricted Traffic Zone (RTZ). Lanes were specifically designated for buses. As a result, urban bus services, including ridership have increased in the last three years by thirty-five percent and average trip time has decreased. A Park and Ride facility with a capacity of 200 cars has also increased bus ridership.

Iran: Air Pollution Abatement Programme

Tehran Municipality will convert 1,500 diesel-fuelled buses to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). A mandatory emission inspection and control program was set up for motor vehicles permitted to enter the city’s Restricted Traffic Zone (RTZ). Lanes were specifically designated for buses. As a result, urban bus services, including ridership have increased in the last three years by thirty-five percent and average trip time has decreased. A Park and Ride facility with a capacity of 200 cars has also increased bus ridership.

Iran: Air Pollution Abatement Programme

Tehran Municipality will convert 1,500 diesel-fuelled buses to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). A mandatory emission inspection and control program was set up for motor vehicles permitted to enter the city’s Restricted Traffic Zone (RTZ). Lanes were specifically designated for buses. As a result, urban bus services, including ridership have increased in the last three years by thirty-five percent and average trip time has decreased. A Park and Ride facility with a capacity of 200 cars has also increased bus ridership.

Iran: Air Pollution Abatement Programme

Tehran Municipality will convert 1,500 diesel-fuelled buses to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). A mandatory emission inspection and control program was set up for motor vehicles permitted to enter the city’s Restricted Traffic Zone (RTZ). Lanes were specifically designated for buses. As a result, urban bus services, including ridership have increased in the last three years by thirty-five percent and average trip time has decreased. A Park and Ride facility with a capacity of 200 cars has also increased bus ridership.

Iran: Air Pollution Abatement Programme

Tehran Municipality will convert 1,500 diesel-fuelled buses to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). A mandatory emission inspection and control program was set up for motor vehicles permitted to enter the city’s Restricted Traffic Zone (RTZ). Lanes were specifically designated for buses. As a result, urban bus services, including ridership have increased in the last three years by thirty-five percent and average trip time has decreased. A Park and Ride facility with a capacity of 200 cars has also increased bus ridership.

Iran: Air Pollution Abatement Programme

Tehran Municipality will convert 1,500 diesel-fuelled buses to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). A mandatory emission inspection and control program was set up for motor vehicles permitted to enter the city’s Restricted Traffic Zone (RTZ). Lanes were specifically designated for buses. As a result, urban bus services, including ridership have increased in the last three years by thirty-five percent and average trip time has decreased. A Park and Ride facility with a capacity of 200 cars has also increased bus ridership.

Argentina: Resolución 1237/02 Apruébanse los procedimientos de ensayo y límites máximos para los distintos contaminantes, en relación con la aprobación de emisiones gaseosas y sus extensiones, para motores del ciclo Otto, alimentados a GNC que equipen vehículos pesados.

The government set emissions limits  for CNG fed motors for heavy vehicles  in accordance with European Standards.  It also set up the procedural framework for testing and certification.


Date Implemented: 2002

Argentina: Resolución 1237/02 Apruébanse los procedimientos de ensayo y límites máximos para los distintos contaminantes, en relación con la aprobación de emisiones gaseosas y sus extensiones, para motores del ciclo Otto, alimentados a GNC que equipen vehículos pesados.

The government set emissions limits  for CNG fed motors for heavy vehicles  in accordance with European Standards.  It also set up the procedural framework for testing and certification.


Date Implemented: 2002

Argentina: Resolución 1237/02 Apruébanse los procedimientos de ensayo y límites máximos para los distintos contaminantes, en relación con la aprobación de emisiones gaseosas y sus extensiones, para motores del ciclo Otto, alimentados a GNC que equipen vehículos pesados.

The government set emissions limits  for CNG fed motors for heavy vehicles  in accordance with European Standards.  It also set up the procedural framework for testing and certification.


Date Implemented: 2002

Argentina: Resolución 1237/02 Apruébanse los procedimientos de ensayo y límites máximos para los distintos contaminantes, en relación con la aprobación de emisiones gaseosas y sus extensiones, para motores del ciclo Otto, alimentados a GNC que equipen vehículos pesados.

The government set emissions limits  for CNG fed motors for heavy vehicles  in accordance with European Standards.  It also set up the procedural framework for testing and certification.


Date Implemented: 2002

Argentina: Resolución 1237/02 Apruébanse los procedimientos de ensayo y límites máximos para los distintos contaminantes, en relación con la aprobación de emisiones gaseosas y sus extensiones, para motores del ciclo Otto, alimentados a GNC que equipen vehículos pesados.

The government set emissions limits  for CNG fed motors for heavy vehicles  in accordance with European Standards.  It also set up the procedural framework for testing and certification.


Date Implemented: 2002

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

Argentina: Biofuels Act 26,093

The Act mandates the use of at least a 5% bio-ethanol or bio-diesel mix in the gasoline and diesel distributed in Argentina. In addition, the above act establishes the mandatory use of biofuels in a percentage to be determined by governmental entities and anticipates an increase in the above mentioned 5% rate in the future. Accordingly, the Biofuels Act has secured a market for the domestic supply of grain-based fuels. Mandatory fuel mixture shall only come in force in 2010.

China: White Paper on China’s Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century- Program of Action for Sustainable Development

Provides general platform/guidelines for China’s social and economic development. Elaborates goals and objectives. Advocates a new, sustainable pattern of low consumption, low pollution and high efficiency to achieve well-balanced growth.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

China: White Paper on China’s Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century- Program of Action for Sustainable Development

Provides general platform/guidelines for China’s social and economic development. Elaborates goals and objectives. Advocates a new, sustainable pattern of low consumption, low pollution and high efficiency to achieve well-balanced growth.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

China: White Paper on China’s Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century- Program of Action for Sustainable Development

Provides general platform/guidelines for China’s social and economic development. Elaborates goals and objectives. Advocates a new, sustainable pattern of low consumption, low pollution and high efficiency to achieve well-balanced growth.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

China: White Paper on China’s Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century- Program of Action for Sustainable Development

Provides general platform/guidelines for China’s social and economic development. Elaborates goals and objectives. Advocates a new, sustainable pattern of low consumption, low pollution and high efficiency to achieve well-balanced growth.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

China: White Paper on China’s Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century- Program of Action for Sustainable Development

Provides general platform/guidelines for China’s social and economic development. Elaborates goals and objectives. Advocates a new, sustainable pattern of low consumption, low pollution and high efficiency to achieve well-balanced growth.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

China: White Paper on China’s Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century- Program of Action for Sustainable Development

Provides general platform/guidelines for China’s social and economic development. Elaborates goals and objectives. Advocates a new, sustainable pattern of low consumption, low pollution and high efficiency to achieve well-balanced growth.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

China: White Paper on China’s Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century- Program of Action for Sustainable Development

Provides general platform/guidelines for China’s social and economic development. Elaborates goals and objectives. Advocates a new, sustainable pattern of low consumption, low pollution and high efficiency to achieve well-balanced growth.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

China: White Paper on China’s Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century- Program of Action for Sustainable Development

Provides general platform/guidelines for China’s social and economic development. Elaborates goals and objectives. Advocates a new, sustainable pattern of low consumption, low pollution and high efficiency to achieve well-balanced growth.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

China: White Paper on China’s Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century- Program of Action for Sustainable Development

Provides general platform/guidelines for China’s social and economic development. Elaborates goals and objectives. Advocates a new, sustainable pattern of low consumption, low pollution and high efficiency to achieve well-balanced growth.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

China: Air Cleaning Program – Clean Automobile Action

To promote clean automobiles


Milestones: By the end of 2003, 16 demonstration sites for clean automobiles had been set up

References: Executive Summary of the National Communication to the UNFCCC

China: Air Cleaning Program – Clean Automobile Action

To promote clean automobiles


Milestones: By the end of 2003, 16 demonstration sites for clean automobiles had been set up

References: Executive Summary of the National Communication to the UNFCCC

China: Air Cleaning Program – Clean Automobile Action

To promote clean automobiles


Milestones: By the end of 2003, 16 demonstration sites for clean automobiles had been set up

References: Executive Summary of the National Communication to the UNFCCC

China: Air Cleaning Program – Clean Automobile Action

To promote clean automobiles


Milestones: By the end of 2003, 16 demonstration sites for clean automobiles had been set up

References: Executive Summary of the National Communication to the UNFCCC

China: Air Cleaning Program – Clean Automobile Action

To promote clean automobiles


Milestones: By the end of 2003, 16 demonstration sites for clean automobiles had been set up

References: Executive Summary of the National Communication to the UNFCCC

China: Air Cleaning Program – Clean Automobile Action

To promote clean automobiles


Milestones: By the end of 2003, 16 demonstration sites for clean automobiles had been set up

References: Executive Summary of the National Communication to the UNFCCC

China: 10th Five Year Plan

The 10th Five-Year Plan continues to elaborate goals for the sustainable economic and social development of China.  Energy related objectives focus on the development of clean-burning, substitution and efficient technologies.  It elaborates certain means, including clean fuels demonstration projects, implementing energy efficiency standards and a labeling/identification system, formulating efficiency incentives, and introducing ‘Energy Conservation Publicity Week’

China: 10th Five Year Plan

The 10th Five-Year Plan continues to elaborate goals for the sustainable economic and social development of China.  Energy related objectives focus on the development of clean-burning, substitution and efficient technologies.  It elaborates certain means, including clean fuels demonstration projects, implementing energy efficiency standards and a labeling/identification system, formulating efficiency incentives, and introducing ‘Energy Conservation Publicity Week’

China: 10th Five Year Plan

The 10th Five-Year Plan continues to elaborate goals for the sustainable economic and social development of China.  Energy related objectives focus on the development of clean-burning, substitution and efficient technologies.  It elaborates certain means, including clean fuels demonstration projects, implementing energy efficiency standards and a labeling/identification system, formulating efficiency incentives, and introducing ‘Energy Conservation Publicity Week’

China: 10th Five Year Plan

The 10th Five-Year Plan continues to elaborate goals for the sustainable economic and social development of China.  Energy related objectives focus on the development of clean-burning, substitution and efficient technologies.  It elaborates certain means, including clean fuels demonstration projects, implementing energy efficiency standards and a labeling/identification system, formulating efficiency incentives, and introducing ‘Energy Conservation Publicity Week’

China: 10th Five Year Plan

The 10th Five-Year Plan continues to elaborate goals for the sustainable economic and social development of China.  Energy related objectives focus on the development of clean-burning, substitution and efficient technologies.  It elaborates certain means, including clean fuels demonstration projects, implementing energy efficiency standards and a labeling/identification system, formulating efficiency incentives, and introducing ‘Energy Conservation Publicity Week’

China: 10th Five Year Plan

The 10th Five-Year Plan continues to elaborate goals for the sustainable economic and social development of China.  Energy related objectives focus on the development of clean-burning, substitution and efficient technologies.  It elaborates certain means, including clean fuels demonstration projects, implementing energy efficiency standards and a labeling/identification system, formulating efficiency incentives, and introducing ‘Energy Conservation Publicity Week’

China: 10th Five Year Plan

The 10th Five-Year Plan continues to elaborate goals for the sustainable economic and social development of China.  Energy related objectives focus on the development of clean-burning, substitution and efficient technologies.  It elaborates certain means, including clean fuels demonstration projects, implementing energy efficiency standards and a labeling/identification system, formulating efficiency incentives, and introducing ‘Energy Conservation Publicity Week’

China: 10th Five Year Plan

The 10th Five-Year Plan continues to elaborate goals for the sustainable economic and social development of China.  Energy related objectives focus on the development of clean-burning, substitution and efficient technologies.  It elaborates certain means, including clean fuels demonstration projects, implementing energy efficiency standards and a labeling/identification system, formulating efficiency incentives, and introducing ‘Energy Conservation Publicity Week’

China: 10th Five Year Plan

The 10th Five-Year Plan continues to elaborate goals for the sustainable economic and social development of China.  Energy related objectives focus on the development of clean-burning, substitution and efficient technologies.  It elaborates certain means, including clean fuels demonstration projects, implementing energy efficiency standards and a labeling/identification system, formulating efficiency incentives, and introducing ‘Energy Conservation Publicity Week’

China: 10th Five Year Plan

The 10th Five-Year Plan continues to elaborate goals for the sustainable economic and social development of China.  Energy related objectives focus on the development of clean-burning, substitution and efficient technologies.  It elaborates certain means, including clean fuels demonstration projects, implementing energy efficiency standards and a labeling/identification system, formulating efficiency incentives, and introducing ‘Energy Conservation Publicity Week’

China: Beijing pollution reduction measures

Beijing municipal government mandated that city vehicles convert to liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas. By 2002, Beijing had the largest fleet of natural gas buses in the world - a total of 1,630 vehicles. Subway and light rail systems in Beijing also are being expanded.


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Mandatory

China: Beijing pollution reduction measures

Beijing municipal government mandated that city vehicles convert to liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas. By 2002, Beijing had the largest fleet of natural gas buses in the world - a total of 1,630 vehicles. Subway and light rail systems in Beijing also are being expanded.


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Mandatory

China: Beijing pollution reduction measures

Beijing municipal government mandated that city vehicles convert to liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas. By 2002, Beijing had the largest fleet of natural gas buses in the world - a total of 1,630 vehicles. Subway and light rail systems in Beijing also are being expanded.


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Mandatory

China: Beijing pollution reduction measures

Beijing municipal government mandated that city vehicles convert to liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas. By 2002, Beijing had the largest fleet of natural gas buses in the world - a total of 1,630 vehicles. Subway and light rail systems in Beijing also are being expanded.


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Mandatory

China: Beijing pollution reduction measures

Beijing municipal government mandated that city vehicles convert to liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas. By 2002, Beijing had the largest fleet of natural gas buses in the world - a total of 1,630 vehicles. Subway and light rail systems in Beijing also are being expanded.


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Mandatory

China: Beijing pollution reduction measures

Beijing municipal government mandated that city vehicles convert to liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas. By 2002, Beijing had the largest fleet of natural gas buses in the world - a total of 1,630 vehicles. Subway and light rail systems in Beijing also are being expanded.


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Mandatory

China: Ninth Five-Year Plan

Under the 9th Five-Year Plan, China initiated several national programs including the Brightness Program, Integrated and Comprehensive Rural Electrification, Energy Efficient Lighting, and the Riding Wind Program.


Date Implemented: 1996-2000

Status: Ended; Framework Policy

China: Ninth Five-Year Plan

Under the 9th Five-Year Plan, China initiated several national programs including the Brightness Program, Integrated and Comprehensive Rural Electrification, Energy Efficient Lighting, and the Riding Wind Program.


Date Implemented: 1996-2000

Status: Ended; Framework Policy

China: Ninth Five-Year Plan

Under the 9th Five-Year Plan, China initiated several national programs including the Brightness Program, Integrated and Comprehensive Rural Electrification, Energy Efficient Lighting, and the Riding Wind Program.


Date Implemented: 1996-2000

Status: Ended; Framework Policy

China: Ninth Five-Year Plan

Under the 9th Five-Year Plan, China initiated several national programs including the Brightness Program, Integrated and Comprehensive Rural Electrification, Energy Efficient Lighting, and the Riding Wind Program.


Date Implemented: 1996-2000

Status: Ended; Framework Policy

China: Ninth Five-Year Plan

Under the 9th Five-Year Plan, China initiated several national programs including the Brightness Program, Integrated and Comprehensive Rural Electrification, Energy Efficient Lighting, and the Riding Wind Program.


Date Implemented: 1996-2000

Status: Ended; Framework Policy

China: Ninth Five-Year Plan

Under the 9th Five-Year Plan, China initiated several national programs including the Brightness Program, Integrated and Comprehensive Rural Electrification, Energy Efficient Lighting, and the Riding Wind Program.


Date Implemented: 1996-2000

Status: Ended; Framework Policy

China: Ninth Five-Year Plan

Under the 9th Five-Year Plan, China initiated several national programs including the Brightness Program, Integrated and Comprehensive Rural Electrification, Energy Efficient Lighting, and the Riding Wind Program.


Date Implemented: 1996-2000

Status: Ended; Framework Policy

China: Ninth Five-Year Plan

Under the 9th Five-Year Plan, China initiated several national programs including the Brightness Program, Integrated and Comprehensive Rural Electrification, Energy Efficient Lighting, and the Riding Wind Program.


Date Implemented: 1996-2000

Status: Ended; Framework Policy

China: Ninth Five-Year Plan

Under the 9th Five-Year Plan, China initiated several national programs including the Brightness Program, Integrated and Comprehensive Rural Electrification, Energy Efficient Lighting, and the Riding Wind Program.


Date Implemented: 1996-2000

Status: Ended; Framework Policy

China: Ninth Five-Year Plan

Under the 9th Five-Year Plan, China initiated several national programs including the Brightness Program, Integrated and Comprehensive Rural Electrification, Energy Efficient Lighting, and the Riding Wind Program.


Date Implemented: 1996-2000

Status: Ended; Framework Policy

China: Law of the Highway

A fuel-based taxation system intended to save energy, reduce pollution, and promote automobile technology development.


Date Implemented: 1998

Status: Mandatory

China: Law of the Highway

A fuel-based taxation system intended to save energy, reduce pollution, and promote automobile technology development.


Date Implemented: 1998

Status: Mandatory

China: Law of the Highway

A fuel-based taxation system intended to save energy, reduce pollution, and promote automobile technology development.


Date Implemented: 1998

Status: Mandatory

China: Law of the Highway

A fuel-based taxation system intended to save energy, reduce pollution, and promote automobile technology development.


Date Implemented: 1998

Status: Mandatory

China: Law of the Highway

A fuel-based taxation system intended to save energy, reduce pollution, and promote automobile technology development.


Date Implemented: 1998

Status: Mandatory

China: Consumption tax

Beijing is retooling its tax structure to incentivize the consumption of smaller, more efficient and less polluting cars. Under the current structure, there are 3 categories for engine size, while the new structure will likely have five. Buyers of low or zero-emission vehicles will be exempted from taxes while those who purchase bigger cars will pay higher taxes. (Current avg vehicle tax: 3-8 per cent levied on auto producers. New tax on bigger cars could be as high as 15-20 per cent.)

China: Consumption tax

Beijing is retooling its tax structure to incentivize the consumption of smaller, more efficient and less polluting cars. Under the current structure, there are 3 categories for engine size, while the new structure will likely have five. Buyers of low or zero-emission vehicles will be exempted from taxes while those who purchase bigger cars will pay higher taxes. (Current avg vehicle tax: 3-8 per cent levied on auto producers. New tax on bigger cars could be as high as 15-20 per cent.)

China: Consumption tax

Beijing is retooling its tax structure to incentivize the consumption of smaller, more efficient and less polluting cars. Under the current structure, there are 3 categories for engine size, while the new structure will likely have five. Buyers of low or zero-emission vehicles will be exempted from taxes while those who purchase bigger cars will pay higher taxes. (Current avg vehicle tax: 3-8 per cent levied on auto producers. New tax on bigger cars could be as high as 15-20 per cent.)

China: Consumption tax

Beijing is retooling its tax structure to incentivize the consumption of smaller, more efficient and less polluting cars. Under the current structure, there are 3 categories for engine size, while the new structure will likely have five. Buyers of low or zero-emission vehicles will be exempted from taxes while those who purchase bigger cars will pay higher taxes. (Current avg vehicle tax: 3-8 per cent levied on auto producers. New tax on bigger cars could be as high as 15-20 per cent.)

China: Consumption tax

Beijing is retooling its tax structure to incentivize the consumption of smaller, more efficient and less polluting cars. Under the current structure, there are 3 categories for engine size, while the new structure will likely have five. Buyers of low or zero-emission vehicles will be exempted from taxes while those who purchase bigger cars will pay higher taxes. (Current avg vehicle tax: 3-8 per cent levied on auto producers. New tax on bigger cars could be as high as 15-20 per cent.)

China: Consumption tax

Beijing is retooling its tax structure to incentivize the consumption of smaller, more efficient and less polluting cars. Under the current structure, there are 3 categories for engine size, while the new structure will likely have five. Buyers of low or zero-emission vehicles will be exempted from taxes while those who purchase bigger cars will pay higher taxes. (Current avg vehicle tax: 3-8 per cent levied on auto producers. New tax on bigger cars could be as high as 15-20 per cent.)

China: Consumption tax

Beijing is retooling its tax structure to incentivize the consumption of smaller, more efficient and less polluting cars. Under the current structure, there are 3 categories for engine size, while the new structure will likely have five. Buyers of low or zero-emission vehicles will be exempted from taxes while those who purchase bigger cars will pay higher taxes. (Current avg vehicle tax: 3-8 per cent levied on auto producers. New tax on bigger cars could be as high as 15-20 per cent.)

China: Consumption tax

Beijing is retooling its tax structure to incentivize the consumption of smaller, more efficient and less polluting cars. Under the current structure, there are 3 categories for engine size, while the new structure will likely have five. Buyers of low or zero-emission vehicles will be exempted from taxes while those who purchase bigger cars will pay higher taxes. (Current avg vehicle tax: 3-8 per cent levied on auto producers. New tax on bigger cars could be as high as 15-20 per cent.)

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: Medium and Long Term Energy Conservation Plan

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

China: Government notice to encourage environmentally-friendly, low-emission cars

China: Government notice to encourage environmentally-friendly, low-emission cars

China: Government notice to encourage environmentally-friendly, low-emission cars

China: Government notice to encourage environmentally-friendly, low-emission cars

China: Government notice to encourage environmentally-friendly, low-emission cars

China: Government notice to encourage environmentally-friendly, low-emission cars

China: Government notice to encourage environmentally-friendly, low-emission cars

Malaysia: New legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel

The standard for the biodiesel is being developed and a new legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel will be tabled in Parliament as soon as this year. The Government is promoting a 5%-mix of processed palm oil with petroleum diesel (B5 diesel) by applying to a fleet of government vehicles on a trial basis and by establishing B5 diesel pumps at selected stations.


Status: Mandatory

Malaysia: New legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel

The standard for the biodiesel is being developed and a new legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel will be tabled in Parliament as soon as this year. The Government is promoting a 5%-mix of processed palm oil with petroleum diesel (B5 diesel) by applying to a fleet of government vehicles on a trial basis and by establishing B5 diesel pumps at selected stations.


Status: Mandatory

Malaysia: New legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel

The standard for the biodiesel is being developed and a new legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel will be tabled in Parliament as soon as this year. The Government is promoting a 5%-mix of processed palm oil with petroleum diesel (B5 diesel) by applying to a fleet of government vehicles on a trial basis and by establishing B5 diesel pumps at selected stations.


Status: Mandatory

Malaysia: New legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel

The standard for the biodiesel is being developed and a new legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel will be tabled in Parliament as soon as this year. The Government is promoting a 5%-mix of processed palm oil with petroleum diesel (B5 diesel) by applying to a fleet of government vehicles on a trial basis and by establishing B5 diesel pumps at selected stations.


Status: Mandatory

Malaysia: New legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel

The standard for the biodiesel is being developed and a new legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel will be tabled in Parliament as soon as this year. The Government is promoting a 5%-mix of processed palm oil with petroleum diesel (B5 diesel) by applying to a fleet of government vehicles on a trial basis and by establishing B5 diesel pumps at selected stations.


Status: Mandatory

Malaysia: New legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel

The standard for the biodiesel is being developed and a new legislation to mandate the use of B5 diesel will be tabled in Parliament as soon as this year. The Government is promoting a 5%-mix of processed palm oil with petroleum diesel (B5 diesel) by applying to a fleet of government vehicles on a trial basis and by establishing B5 diesel pumps at selected stations.


Status: Mandatory

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Malaysia: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010)

The Ninth Plan strengthens the initiatives for energy efficiency and renewable energy put forth in the Eighth Malaysia Plan that focused on better utilisation of energy resources. An emphasis to further reduce the dependency on petroleum provides for more efforts to integrate alternative fuels.


Date Implemented: 2006-2010

Status: In Force; Framework Policy

 

Nigeria: Niger Delta Development Master Plan

Nigeria: Niger Delta Development Master Plan

Nigeria: Niger Delta Development Master Plan

Nigeria: Niger Delta Development Master Plan

Nigeria: Niger Delta Development Master Plan

Nigeria: Niger Delta Development Master Plan

Nigeria: Niger Delta Development Master Plan

Nigeria: Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed by the Government with the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) on the production of ethanol from cassava tubers.

This initiative will provide income and support for cassava farmers by increasing production and identifying commercial markets for cassava within various industries.


Date Implemented: 2007

Status: Planned

Nigeria: Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed by the Government with the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) on the production of ethanol from cassava tubers.

This initiative will provide income and support for cassava farmers by increasing production and identifying commercial markets for cassava within various industries.


Date Implemented: 2007

Status: Planned

Nigeria: Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed by the Government with the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) on the production of ethanol from cassava tubers.

This initiative will provide income and support for cassava farmers by increasing production and identifying commercial markets for cassava within various industries.


Date Implemented: 2007

Status: Planned

Nigeria: Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed by the Government with the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) on the production of ethanol from cassava tubers.

This initiative will provide income and support for cassava farmers by increasing production and identifying commercial markets for cassava within various industries.


Date Implemented: 2007

Status: Planned

Nigeria: Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed by the Government with the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) on the production of ethanol from cassava tubers.

This initiative will provide income and support for cassava farmers by increasing production and identifying commercial markets for cassava within various industries.


Date Implemented: 2007

Status: Planned

Philippines: Republic Act 9367, Biofuels Act of 2006

Philippines: Republic Act 9367, Biofuels Act of 2006

Philippines: Republic Act 9367, Biofuels Act of 2006

Philippines: Republic Act 9367, Biofuels Act of 2006

South Korea: Congestion reduction

Investment in new road infrastructure is expected to help alleviate congested urban traffic.


Status: Government Initiative

References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p60)

South Korea: Congestion reduction

Investment in new road infrastructure is expected to help alleviate congested urban traffic.


Status: Government Initiative

References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p60)

South Korea: Congestion reduction

Investment in new road infrastructure is expected to help alleviate congested urban traffic.


Status: Government Initiative

References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p60)

South Korea: Congestion reduction

Investment in new road infrastructure is expected to help alleviate congested urban traffic.


Status: Government Initiative

References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p60)

South Korea: Congestion reduction

Investment in new road infrastructure is expected to help alleviate congested urban traffic.


Status: Government Initiative

References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p60)

South Korea: Promotion of logistics standardisation

South Korea: Promotion of logistics standardisation

South Korea: Promotion of logistics standardisation

South Korea: Promotion of logistics standardisation

South Korea: Regulations banning idling of vehicles

Legislation introduced in 2003 gives local authorities the power to ban idling for an extended period in areas such as terminals, garages and parking lots. The ban is supplemented by a promotional campaign.


References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p61)

 

South Korea: Regulations banning idling of vehicles

Legislation introduced in 2003 gives local authorities the power to ban idling for an extended period in areas such as terminals, garages and parking lots. The ban is supplemented by a promotional campaign.


References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p61)

 

South Korea: Regulations banning idling of vehicles

Legislation introduced in 2003 gives local authorities the power to ban idling for an extended period in areas such as terminals, garages and parking lots. The ban is supplemented by a promotional campaign.


References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p61)

 

South Korea: Regulations banning idling of vehicles

Legislation introduced in 2003 gives local authorities the power to ban idling for an extended period in areas such as terminals, garages and parking lots. The ban is supplemented by a promotional campaign.


References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p61)

 

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management

A range of measures were put in place by the Traffic Demand Management Policy, released in Jan 2001, including: variation in commuting hours, incentives for companies to run in-house demand management initiatives and increased investment in Intelligent Traffic Systems.


References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p61)

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management

A range of measures were put in place by the Traffic Demand Management Policy, released in Jan 2001, including: variation in commuting hours, incentives for companies to run in-house demand management initiatives and increased investment in Intelligent Traffic Systems.


References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p61)

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management

A range of measures were put in place by the Traffic Demand Management Policy, released in Jan 2001, including: variation in commuting hours, incentives for companies to run in-house demand management initiatives and increased investment in Intelligent Traffic Systems.


References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p61)

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management

A range of measures were put in place by the Traffic Demand Management Policy, released in Jan 2001, including: variation in commuting hours, incentives for companies to run in-house demand management initiatives and increased investment in Intelligent Traffic Systems.


References: Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (p61)

Singapore: Fuel cell testbedding projects

Singapore: Fuel cell testbedding projects

Singapore: Fuel cell testbedding projects

Singapore: Green Plan 2012 (2006 edition)

The Singapore Green Plan is a 10-year national blueprint to build a sustainable environment for generations to come. The SGP2012 is Singapore’s 10-year blueprint towards environmental sustainability, it encompasses six focus areas: Air and Climate Change, Water, Waste Management, Nature, Public Health and International Environmental Relations.


Date Implemented: 2005, updated 2005

Status: In Force; Framework policy

Singapore: Green Plan 2012 (2006 edition)

The Singapore Green Plan is a 10-year national blueprint to build a sustainable environment for generations to come. The SGP2012 is Singapore’s 10-year blueprint towards environmental sustainability, it encompasses six focus areas: Air and Climate Change, Water, Waste Management, Nature, Public Health and International Environmental Relations.


Date Implemented: 2005, updated 2005

Status: In Force; Framework policy

Singapore: Green Plan 2012 (2006 edition)

The Singapore Green Plan is a 10-year national blueprint to build a sustainable environment for generations to come. The SGP2012 is Singapore’s 10-year blueprint towards environmental sustainability, it encompasses six focus areas: Air and Climate Change, Water, Waste Management, Nature, Public Health and International Environmental Relations.


Date Implemented: 2005, updated 2005

Status: In Force; Framework policy

Singapore: Green Plan 2012 (2006 edition)

The Singapore Green Plan is a 10-year national blueprint to build a sustainable environment for generations to come. The SGP2012 is Singapore’s 10-year blueprint towards environmental sustainability, it encompasses six focus areas: Air and Climate Change, Water, Waste Management, Nature, Public Health and International Environmental Relations.


Date Implemented: 2005, updated 2005

Status: In Force; Framework policy

Singapore: Green Plan 2012 (2006 edition)

The Singapore Green Plan is a 10-year national blueprint to build a sustainable environment for generations to come. The SGP2012 is Singapore’s 10-year blueprint towards environmental sustainability, it encompasses six focus areas: Air and Climate Change, Water, Waste Management, Nature, Public Health and International Environmental Relations.


Date Implemented: 2005, updated 2005

Status: In Force; Framework policy

Singapore: Green Plan 2012 (2006 edition)

The Singapore Green Plan is a 10-year national blueprint to build a sustainable environment for generations to come. The SGP2012 is Singapore’s 10-year blueprint towards environmental sustainability, it encompasses six focus areas: Air and Climate Change, Water, Waste Management, Nature, Public Health and International Environmental Relations.


Date Implemented: 2005, updated 2005

Status: In Force; Framework policy

Singapore: Green Plan 2012 (2006 edition)

The Singapore Green Plan is a 10-year national blueprint to build a sustainable environment for generations to come. The SGP2012 is Singapore’s 10-year blueprint towards environmental sustainability, it encompasses six focus areas: Air and Climate Change, Water, Waste Management, Nature, Public Health and International Environmental Relations.


Date Implemented: 2005, updated 2005

Status: In Force; Framework policy

Singapore: Green Plan 2012 (2006 edition)

The Singapore Green Plan is a 10-year national blueprint to build a sustainable environment for generations to come. The SGP2012 is Singapore’s 10-year blueprint towards environmental sustainability, it encompasses six focus areas: Air and Climate Change, Water, Waste Management, Nature, Public Health and International Environmental Relations.


Date Implemented: 2005, updated 2005

Status: In Force; Framework policy

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Thailand’s National Energy Policy and Development Plan

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: Strategic Plan for Energy Efficiency

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Thailand: New energy strategic plan

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Draft Energy Efficiency Law

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: Transportation Master Plan

Turkey: New regulations regarding the quality of fuels used for heating and transportation

Turkey: New regulations regarding the quality of fuels used for heating and transportation

Turkey: New regulations regarding the quality of fuels used for heating and transportation

Turkey: New regulations regarding the quality of fuels used for heating and transportation

Turkey: New regulations regarding the quality of fuels used for heating and transportation

Turkey: Hydrogen Bus Pilot Project


 

Date Implemented: 2006

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf

Turkey: Hydrogen Bus Pilot Project


 

Date Implemented: 2006

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf

Turkey: Hydrogen Bus Pilot Project


 

Date Implemented: 2006

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf

Turkey: Hydrogen Bus Pilot Project


 

Date Implemented: 2006

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf

Turkey: Fuel Cell Technology in motor vehicles


Date Implemented: 2002-2006

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf

 

Turkey: Fuel Cell Technology in motor vehicles


Date Implemented: 2002-2006

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf

 

Turkey: Fuel Cell Technology in motor vehicles


Date Implemented: 2002-2006

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf

 

Turkey: Fuel Cell Technology in motor vehicles


Date Implemented: 2002-2006

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf

 

Turkey: Implementing Regulation on the Control and Management of End-of-life vehicles

Directive 2000/53/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 September 2000 on end-of life vehicles - Commission Statements


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

Turkey: Implementing Regulation on the Control and Management of End-of-life vehicles

Directive 2000/53/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 September 2000 on end-of life vehicles - Commission Statements


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

Turkey: Implementing Regulation on the Control and Management of End-of-life vehicles

Directive 2000/53/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 September 2000 on end-of life vehicles - Commission Statements


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

Turkey: Implementing Regulation on the Control and Management of End-of-life vehicles

Directive 2000/53/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 September 2000 on end-of life vehicles - Commission Statements


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

Turkey: Control of Air Pollution Arising from Motor Vehicles


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

 

Turkey: Control of Air Pollution Arising from Motor Vehicles


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

 

Turkey: Control of Air Pollution Arising from Motor Vehicles


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

 

Turkey: Control of Air Pollution Arising from Motor Vehicles


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

 

Turkey: Control of Air Pollution Arising from Motor Vehicles


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: In Force

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

 

Turkey: Labelling fuel economy and Co2 emissions of new passenger cars- Directive 1999/94/EC


Date Implemented: 2007-2008

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

 

Turkey: Labelling fuel economy and Co2 emissions of new passenger cars- Directive 1999/94/EC


Date Implemented: 2007-2008

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

 

Turkey: Labelling fuel economy and Co2 emissions of new passenger cars- Directive 1999/94/EC


Date Implemented: 2007-2008

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

 

Turkey: Labelling fuel economy and Co2 emissions of new passenger cars- Directive 1999/94/EC


Date Implemented: 2007-2008

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

 

Turkey: Labelling fuel economy and Co2 emissions of new passenger cars- Directive 1999/94/EC


Date Implemented: 2007-2008

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/belgeler4/iklimbildirimi.pdf  

 

China: Gasoline price increase

In may of 2006, Beijing enacted the largest ever one-off increase in the fixed/mandated price of gasoline in China. Overnight the price increased 12 cents to approximately $2.40/gallon.


Date Implemented: May 2006

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: news article by Richard McGregor in Beijing May 24, 2006

 

China: Gasoline price increase

In may of 2006, Beijing enacted the largest ever one-off increase in the fixed/mandated price of gasoline in China. Overnight the price increased 12 cents to approximately $2.40/gallon.


Date Implemented: May 2006

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: news article by Richard McGregor in Beijing May 24, 2006

 

China: Gasoline price increase

In may of 2006, Beijing enacted the largest ever one-off increase in the fixed/mandated price of gasoline in China. Overnight the price increased 12 cents to approximately $2.40/gallon.


Date Implemented: May 2006

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: news article by Richard McGregor in Beijing May 24, 2006

 

China: Gasoline price increase

In may of 2006, Beijing enacted the largest ever one-off increase in the fixed/mandated price of gasoline in China. Overnight the price increased 12 cents to approximately $2.40/gallon.


Date Implemented: May 2006

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: news article by Richard McGregor in Beijing May 24, 2006

 

China: Gasoline price increase

In may of 2006, Beijing enacted the largest ever one-off increase in the fixed/mandated price of gasoline in China. Overnight the price increased 12 cents to approximately $2.40/gallon.


Date Implemented: May 2006

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: news article by Richard McGregor in Beijing May 24, 2006

 

Costa Rica: Vehicle Transit Act

Costa Rica has instituted strict emissions requirements for imported vehicles and will not release them without an emissions statement from the country of origin.


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1093.html

Costa Rica: Vehicle Transit Act

Costa Rica has instituted strict emissions requirements for imported vehicles and will not release them without an emissions statement from the country of origin.


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1093.html

Costa Rica: Vehicle Transit Act

Costa Rica has instituted strict emissions requirements for imported vehicles and will not release them without an emissions statement from the country of origin.


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1093.html

Costa Rica: Vehicle Transit Act

Costa Rica has instituted strict emissions requirements for imported vehicles and will not release them without an emissions statement from the country of origin.


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1093.html

Costa Rica: Vehicle Transit Act

Costa Rica has instituted strict emissions requirements for imported vehicles and will not release them without an emissions statement from the country of origin.


Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1093.html

Malaysia: Environmental Quality Act

This act provides for the prevention, abatement, and control of pollution through licensing, and mandates the conducting of an Environmental Assessment Report for proposed public and private sector projects to determine and prevent or prepare for the environmental consequences of the project. It was brought into effect with the implementation of a subsequent set of specific regulations and laws.


Date Implemented: 1974, ‘85 & ‘95

Malaysia: Environmental Quality Act

This act provides for the prevention, abatement, and control of pollution through licensing, and mandates the conducting of an Environmental Assessment Report for proposed public and private sector projects to determine and prevent or prepare for the environmental consequences of the project. It was brought into effect with the implementation of a subsequent set of specific regulations and laws.


Date Implemented: 1974, ‘85 & ‘95

Malaysia: Environmental Quality Act

This act provides for the prevention, abatement, and control of pollution through licensing, and mandates the conducting of an Environmental Assessment Report for proposed public and private sector projects to determine and prevent or prepare for the environmental consequences of the project. It was brought into effect with the implementation of a subsequent set of specific regulations and laws.


Date Implemented: 1974, ‘85 & ‘95

Malaysia: Environmental Quality Act

This act provides for the prevention, abatement, and control of pollution through licensing, and mandates the conducting of an Environmental Assessment Report for proposed public and private sector projects to determine and prevent or prepare for the environmental consequences of the project. It was brought into effect with the implementation of a subsequent set of specific regulations and laws.


Date Implemented: 1974, ‘85 & ‘95

Malaysia: Environmental Quality Act

This act provides for the prevention, abatement, and control of pollution through licensing, and mandates the conducting of an Environmental Assessment Report for proposed public and private sector projects to determine and prevent or prepare for the environmental consequences of the project. It was brought into effect with the implementation of a subsequent set of specific regulations and laws.


Date Implemented: 1974, ‘85 & ‘95

Malaysia: Environmental Quality Act

This act provides for the prevention, abatement, and control of pollution through licensing, and mandates the conducting of an Environmental Assessment Report for proposed public and private sector projects to determine and prevent or prepare for the environmental consequences of the project. It was brought into effect with the implementation of a subsequent set of specific regulations and laws.


Date Implemented: 1974, ‘85 & ‘95

Malaysia: Environmental Quality Act

This act provides for the prevention, abatement, and control of pollution through licensing, and mandates the conducting of an Environmental Assessment Report for proposed public and private sector projects to determine and prevent or prepare for the environmental consequences of the project. It was brought into effect with the implementation of a subsequent set of specific regulations and laws.


Date Implemented: 1974, ‘85 & ‘95

Malaysia: Environmental Quality Act

This act provides for the prevention, abatement, and control of pollution through licensing, and mandates the conducting of an Environmental Assessment Report for proposed public and private sector projects to determine and prevent or prepare for the environmental consequences of the project. It was brought into effect with the implementation of a subsequent set of specific regulations and laws.


Date Implemented: 1974, ‘85 & ‘95

Malaysia: Road Transport Act

This Act regulates the roads of Malaysia and their use (from speed limits to motor insurance, etc.).  In terms of climate provisions, it also regulates vehicle emissions/exhaust.


Date Implemented: 1987

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Road Transport Act

This Act regulates the roads of Malaysia and their use (from speed limits to motor insurance, etc.).  In terms of climate provisions, it also regulates vehicle emissions/exhaust.


Date Implemented: 1987

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Road Transport Act

This Act regulates the roads of Malaysia and their use (from speed limits to motor insurance, etc.).  In terms of climate provisions, it also regulates vehicle emissions/exhaust.


Date Implemented: 1987

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Road Transport Act

This Act regulates the roads of Malaysia and their use (from speed limits to motor insurance, etc.).  In terms of climate provisions, it also regulates vehicle emissions/exhaust.


Date Implemented: 1987

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Road Transport Act

This Act regulates the roads of Malaysia and their use (from speed limits to motor insurance, etc.).  In terms of climate provisions, it also regulates vehicle emissions/exhaust.


Date Implemented: 1987

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Road Transport Act

This Act regulates the roads of Malaysia and their use (from speed limits to motor insurance, etc.).  In terms of climate provisions, it also regulates vehicle emissions/exhaust.


Date Implemented: 1987

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Environmental Quality (Clean Air) Regulations

These Regulations set emission and effluent discharge limits.  They limited emissions from motor vehicles except for motorcycles (which generally make up more than half of all registered motor vehicles in Malaysia)


Date Implemented: 1978

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Environmental Quality (Clean Air) Regulations

These Regulations set emission and effluent discharge limits.  They limited emissions from motor vehicles except for motorcycles (which generally make up more than half of all registered motor vehicles in Malaysia)


Date Implemented: 1978

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Environmental Quality (Clean Air) Regulations

These Regulations set emission and effluent discharge limits.  They limited emissions from motor vehicles except for motorcycles (which generally make up more than half of all registered motor vehicles in Malaysia)


Date Implemented: 1978

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Environmental Quality (Clean Air) Regulations

These Regulations set emission and effluent discharge limits.  They limited emissions from motor vehicles except for motorcycles (which generally make up more than half of all registered motor vehicles in Malaysia)


Date Implemented: 1978

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Environmental Quality (Clean Air) Regulations

These Regulations set emission and effluent discharge limits.  They limited emissions from motor vehicles except for motorcycles (which generally make up more than half of all registered motor vehicles in Malaysia)


Date Implemented: 1978

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Malaysia: Environmental Quality (Clean Air) Regulations

These Regulations set emission and effluent discharge limits.  They limited emissions from motor vehicles except for motorcycles (which generally make up more than half of all registered motor vehicles in Malaysia)


Date Implemented: 1978

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Nigeria: Removed Petroleum Subsidy

The controversial removal of the petroleum subsidy in Nigeria was part of the government’s planned liberalization of the sector.  The IMF had been pressuring for this move since the mid 1980s.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Nigeria: Removed Petroleum Subsidy

The controversial removal of the petroleum subsidy in Nigeria was part of the government’s planned liberalization of the sector.  The IMF had been pressuring for this move since the mid 1980s.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Nigeria: Removed Petroleum Subsidy

The controversial removal of the petroleum subsidy in Nigeria was part of the government’s planned liberalization of the sector.  The IMF had been pressuring for this move since the mid 1980s.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Nigeria: Removed Petroleum Subsidy

The controversial removal of the petroleum subsidy in Nigeria was part of the government’s planned liberalization of the sector.  The IMF had been pressuring for this move since the mid 1980s.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Nigeria: Removed Petroleum Subsidy

The controversial removal of the petroleum subsidy in Nigeria was part of the government’s planned liberalization of the sector.  The IMF had been pressuring for this move since the mid 1980s.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Nigeria: Removed Petroleum Subsidy

The controversial removal of the petroleum subsidy in Nigeria was part of the government’s planned liberalization of the sector.  The IMF had been pressuring for this move since the mid 1980s.


Date Implemented: 2003

Status: Mandatory

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Pakistan: Increasing Natural Gas share in the energy mix

CNG has been introduced as an alternative in the transport sector.  During the 1990s the government provided incentives to the private sector to promote CNG as an alternative fuel, and as of 2003, Pakistan was the largest CNG consumer country in Asia.  Other initiatives were under consideration (2003) to expand the policy, including introducing a fleet of CNG buses, using further incentives to replace polluting diesel with CNG and expanding the use of natural gas in the power sector as well.

Pakistan: Increasing Natural Gas share in the energy mix

CNG has been introduced as an alternative in the transport sector.  During the 1990s the government provided incentives to the private sector to promote CNG as an alternative fuel, and as of 2003, Pakistan was the largest CNG consumer country in Asia.  Other initiatives were under consideration (2003) to expand the policy, including introducing a fleet of CNG buses, using further incentives to replace polluting diesel with CNG and expanding the use of natural gas in the power sector as well.

Pakistan: Increasing Natural Gas share in the energy mix

CNG has been introduced as an alternative in the transport sector.  During the 1990s the government provided incentives to the private sector to promote CNG as an alternative fuel, and as of 2003, Pakistan was the largest CNG consumer country in Asia.  Other initiatives were under consideration (2003) to expand the policy, including introducing a fleet of CNG buses, using further incentives to replace polluting diesel with CNG and expanding the use of natural gas in the power sector as well.

Pakistan: Increasing Natural Gas share in the energy mix

CNG has been introduced as an alternative in the transport sector.  During the 1990s the government provided incentives to the private sector to promote CNG as an alternative fuel, and as of 2003, Pakistan was the largest CNG consumer country in Asia.  Other initiatives were under consideration (2003) to expand the policy, including introducing a fleet of CNG buses, using further incentives to replace polluting diesel with CNG and expanding the use of natural gas in the power sector as well.

Pakistan: Increasing Natural Gas share in the energy mix

CNG has been introduced as an alternative in the transport sector.  During the 1990s the government provided incentives to the private sector to promote CNG as an alternative fuel, and as of 2003, Pakistan was the largest CNG consumer country in Asia.  Other initiatives were under consideration (2003) to expand the policy, including introducing a fleet of CNG buses, using further incentives to replace polluting diesel with CNG and expanding the use of natural gas in the power sector as well.

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Environmental Policy

Pakistan: National Clean Air Act

The Clean Air legislation will aim to control vehicular emissions, pollution from industry and indoor air pollution in rural areas.


Status: Planned; Framework Policy

References: National Environmental Policy

http://www.environment.gov.pk/nep/policy.pdf

Pakistan: National Clean Air Act

The Clean Air legislation will aim to control vehicular emissions, pollution from industry and indoor air pollution in rural areas.


Status: Planned; Framework Policy

References: National Environmental Policy

http://www.environment.gov.pk/nep/policy.pdf

Pakistan: National Clean Air Act

The Clean Air legislation will aim to control vehicular emissions, pollution from industry and indoor air pollution in rural areas.


Status: Planned; Framework Policy

References: National Environmental Policy

http://www.environment.gov.pk/nep/policy.pdf

Pakistan: National Clean Air Act

The Clean Air legislation will aim to control vehicular emissions, pollution from industry and indoor air pollution in rural areas.


Status: Planned; Framework Policy

References: National Environmental Policy

http://www.environment.gov.pk/nep/policy.pdf

Pakistan: National Clean Air Act

The Clean Air legislation will aim to control vehicular emissions, pollution from industry and indoor air pollution in rural areas.


Status: Planned; Framework Policy

References: National Environmental Policy

http://www.environment.gov.pk/nep/policy.pdf

Pakistan: National Clean Air Act

The Clean Air legislation will aim to control vehicular emissions, pollution from industry and indoor air pollution in rural areas.


Status: Planned; Framework Policy

References: National Environmental Policy

http://www.environment.gov.pk/nep/policy.pdf

Pakistan: National Clean Air Act

The Clean Air legislation will aim to control vehicular emissions, pollution from industry and indoor air pollution in rural areas.


Status: Planned; Framework Policy

References: National Environmental Policy

http://www.environment.gov.pk/nep/policy.pdf

Pakistan: National Clean Air Act

The Clean Air legislation will aim to control vehicular emissions, pollution from industry and indoor air pollution in rural areas.


Status: Planned; Framework Policy

References: National Environmental Policy

http://www.environment.gov.pk/nep/policy.pdf

Philippines: Power Patrol Program

Reaching approximately 1 million households thus far, the Power Patrol Program uses the tri-media to educate the general population on the benefits of conservation in energy and gasoline fuel use in the commercial, residential, industrial and educational sectors.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Philippines: Power Patrol Program

Reaching approximately 1 million households thus far, the Power Patrol Program uses the tri-media to educate the general population on the benefits of conservation in energy and gasoline fuel use in the commercial, residential, industrial and educational sectors.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Philippines: Power Patrol Program

Reaching approximately 1 million households thus far, the Power Patrol Program uses the tri-media to educate the general population on the benefits of conservation in energy and gasoline fuel use in the commercial, residential, industrial and educational sectors.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Philippines: Power Patrol Program

Reaching approximately 1 million households thus far, the Power Patrol Program uses the tri-media to educate the general population on the benefits of conservation in energy and gasoline fuel use in the commercial, residential, industrial and educational sectors.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Philippines: Power Patrol Program

Reaching approximately 1 million households thus far, the Power Patrol Program uses the tri-media to educate the general population on the benefits of conservation in energy and gasoline fuel use in the commercial, residential, industrial and educational sectors.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Philippines: Power Patrol Program

Reaching approximately 1 million households thus far, the Power Patrol Program uses the tri-media to educate the general population on the benefits of conservation in energy and gasoline fuel use in the commercial, residential, industrial and educational sectors.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Philippines: Power Patrol Program

Reaching approximately 1 million households thus far, the Power Patrol Program uses the tri-media to educate the general population on the benefits of conservation in energy and gasoline fuel use in the commercial, residential, industrial and educational sectors.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Philippines: Power Patrol Program

Reaching approximately 1 million households thus far, the Power Patrol Program uses the tri-media to educate the general population on the benefits of conservation in energy and gasoline fuel use in the commercial, residential, industrial and educational sectors.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Philippines: Power Patrol Program

Reaching approximately 1 million households thus far, the Power Patrol Program uses the tri-media to educate the general population on the benefits of conservation in energy and gasoline fuel use in the commercial, residential, industrial and educational sectors.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

Philippines: Road Transport Patrol Program

This program focuses on disseminating information regarding the proper operation and maintenance techniques to minimize fuel consumption.


Date Implemented: 1998

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

Philippines: Road Transport Patrol Program

This program focuses on disseminating information regarding the proper operation and maintenance techniques to minimize fuel consumption.


Date Implemented: 1998

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

Philippines: Road Transport Patrol Program

This program focuses on disseminating information regarding the proper operation and maintenance techniques to minimize fuel consumption.


Date Implemented: 1998

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

Philippines: Road Transport Patrol Program

This program focuses on disseminating information regarding the proper operation and maintenance techniques to minimize fuel consumption.


Date Implemented: 1998

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

Philippines: Road Transport Patrol Program

This program focuses on disseminating information regarding the proper operation and maintenance techniques to minimize fuel consumption.


Date Implemented: 1998

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Clean Air Act

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: Philippine Energy Plan

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

Philippines: National Forestation Program

The National Forest Policy aims to ensure the adequate supply of industrial timber and fuel wood; provision of livelihood for upland communities and, restoration and maintenance of a stable, functional and wholesome environment. It also creates production forest plantations for sustainable exploitation.


Date Implemented: 1986

Status: Framework Policy

South Korea: Promotion of Compact Cars

To promote the use of compact cars, the government offers reduced or waived vehicle tax, and discounts on expressway tolls, public parking and other driving facilities.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

 

South Korea: Promotion of Compact Cars

To promote the use of compact cars, the government offers reduced or waived vehicle tax, and discounts on expressway tolls, public parking and other driving facilities.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

 

South Korea: Promotion of Compact Cars

To promote the use of compact cars, the government offers reduced or waived vehicle tax, and discounts on expressway tolls, public parking and other driving facilities.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

 

South Korea: Development of Diesel Cars

The government is offering research and financial support for the development of diesel fueled vehicles as they emit approximately 20% less GHG than gasoline fueled vehicles.  It promotes technological development for post-treatment technology, diesel engine filters and catalysts.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

South Korea: Development of Diesel Cars

The government is offering research and financial support for the development of diesel fueled vehicles as they emit approximately 20% less GHG than gasoline fueled vehicles.  It promotes technological development for post-treatment technology, diesel engine filters and catalysts.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

South Korea: Development of Diesel Cars

The government is offering research and financial support for the development of diesel fueled vehicles as they emit approximately 20% less GHG than gasoline fueled vehicles.  It promotes technological development for post-treatment technology, diesel engine filters and catalysts.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

South Korea: Development of Diesel Cars

The government is offering research and financial support for the development of diesel fueled vehicles as they emit approximately 20% less GHG than gasoline fueled vehicles.  It promotes technological development for post-treatment technology, diesel engine filters and catalysts.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

South Korea: Development of Diesel Cars

The government is offering research and financial support for the development of diesel fueled vehicles as they emit approximately 20% less GHG than gasoline fueled vehicles.  It promotes technological development for post-treatment technology, diesel engine filters and catalysts.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC

 

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management Policy

The Traffic Management Policy includes measures such as an automobile numbering program, commuting bus operation, variation in commuting hours and reducing ‘traffic inducement charges’ for companies implementing Traffic Demand Management. Furthermore, chronic traffic congestion areas are being designated as traffic congestion special management zones, and improvements in signaling, marking, traffic and parking lot use are being made.

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management Policy

The Traffic Management Policy includes measures such as an automobile numbering program, commuting bus operation, variation in commuting hours and reducing ‘traffic inducement charges’ for companies implementing Traffic Demand Management. Furthermore, chronic traffic congestion areas are being designated as traffic congestion special management zones, and improvements in signaling, marking, traffic and parking lot use are being made.

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management Policy

The Traffic Management Policy includes measures such as an automobile numbering program, commuting bus operation, variation in commuting hours and reducing ‘traffic inducement charges’ for companies implementing Traffic Demand Management. Furthermore, chronic traffic congestion areas are being designated as traffic congestion special management zones, and improvements in signaling, marking, traffic and parking lot use are being made.

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management Policy

The Traffic Management Policy includes measures such as an automobile numbering program, commuting bus operation, variation in commuting hours and reducing ‘traffic inducement charges’ for companies implementing Traffic Demand Management. Furthermore, chronic traffic congestion areas are being designated as traffic congestion special management zones, and improvements in signaling, marking, traffic and parking lot use are being made.

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management Policy

The Traffic Management Policy includes measures such as an automobile numbering program, commuting bus operation, variation in commuting hours and reducing ‘traffic inducement charges’ for companies implementing Traffic Demand Management. Furthermore, chronic traffic congestion areas are being designated as traffic congestion special management zones, and improvements in signaling, marking, traffic and parking lot use are being made.

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management Policy

The Traffic Management Policy includes measures such as an automobile numbering program, commuting bus operation, variation in commuting hours and reducing ‘traffic inducement charges’ for companies implementing Traffic Demand Management. Furthermore, chronic traffic congestion areas are being designated as traffic congestion special management zones, and improvements in signaling, marking, traffic and parking lot use are being made.

South Korea: Traffic Demand Management Policy

The Traffic Management Policy includes measures such as an automobile numbering program, commuting bus operation, variation in commuting hours and reducing ‘traffic inducement charges’ for companies implementing Traffic Demand Management. Furthermore, chronic traffic congestion areas are being designated as traffic congestion special management zones, and improvements in signaling, marking, traffic and parking lot use are being made.

South Korea: Air Quality Preservation Act

South Korea: Air Quality Preservation Act

South Korea: Air Quality Preservation Act

South Korea: Air Quality Preservation Act

South Korea: Air Quality Preservation Act

South Korea: Air Quality Preservation Act

South Korea: Air Quality Preservation Act

South Korea: Transportation System Efficiency Act

The Transportation System Efficiency Act outlines the guidelines for the construction of transportation infrastructure and management of transport systems. Korea’s major cities are required to establish mid- and long-term urban transportation plans. It also includes plans to improve mode sharing. 


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

South Korea: Transportation System Efficiency Act

The Transportation System Efficiency Act outlines the guidelines for the construction of transportation infrastructure and management of transport systems. Korea’s major cities are required to establish mid- and long-term urban transportation plans. It also includes plans to improve mode sharing. 


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

South Korea: Transportation System Efficiency Act

The Transportation System Efficiency Act outlines the guidelines for the construction of transportation infrastructure and management of transport systems. Korea’s major cities are required to establish mid- and long-term urban transportation plans. It also includes plans to improve mode sharing. 


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

South Korea: Transportation System Efficiency Act

The Transportation System Efficiency Act outlines the guidelines for the construction of transportation infrastructure and management of transport systems. Korea’s major cities are required to establish mid- and long-term urban transportation plans. It also includes plans to improve mode sharing. 


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

South Korea: Transportation System Efficiency Act

The Transportation System Efficiency Act outlines the guidelines for the construction of transportation infrastructure and management of transport systems. Korea’s major cities are required to establish mid- and long-term urban transportation plans. It also includes plans to improve mode sharing. 


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

South Korea: Transportation System Efficiency Act

The Transportation System Efficiency Act outlines the guidelines for the construction of transportation infrastructure and management of transport systems. Korea’s major cities are required to establish mid- and long-term urban transportation plans. It also includes plans to improve mode sharing. 


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

South Korea: Transportation System Efficiency Act

The Transportation System Efficiency Act outlines the guidelines for the construction of transportation infrastructure and management of transport systems. Korea’s major cities are required to establish mid- and long-term urban transportation plans. It also includes plans to improve mode sharing. 


Date Implemented: 1999

Status: In Force; Government Initiative

South Korea: National Intermodal Transportation Plan

Enacted in accordance with the Transportation System Efficiency Act, this plan was intended to maximize the benefits of intermodal transportation. The plan includes promoting a light railway system, promoting bus services in remote areas; and promoting traffic efficiency, (reducing heavy traffic hours, providing of mass transport modes). It also strengthens the government’s financial support to mass public transportation.

South Korea: National Intermodal Transportation Plan

Enacted in accordance with the Transportation System Efficiency Act, this plan was intended to maximize the benefits of intermodal transportation. The plan includes promoting a light railway system, promoting bus services in remote areas; and promoting traffic efficiency, (reducing heavy traffic hours, providing of mass transport modes). It also strengthens the government’s financial support to mass public transportation.

South Korea: National Intermodal Transportation Plan

Enacted in accordance with the Transportation System Efficiency Act, this plan was intended to maximize the benefits of intermodal transportation. The plan includes promoting a light railway system, promoting bus services in remote areas; and promoting traffic efficiency, (reducing heavy traffic hours, providing of mass transport modes). It also strengthens the government’s financial support to mass public transportation.

South Korea: National Intermodal Transportation Plan

Enacted in accordance with the Transportation System Efficiency Act, this plan was intended to maximize the benefits of intermodal transportation. The plan includes promoting a light railway system, promoting bus services in remote areas; and promoting traffic efficiency, (reducing heavy traffic hours, providing of mass transport modes). It also strengthens the government’s financial support to mass public transportation.

South Korea: National Intermodal Transportation Plan

Enacted in accordance with the Transportation System Efficiency Act, this plan was intended to maximize the benefits of intermodal transportation. The plan includes promoting a light railway system, promoting bus services in remote areas; and promoting traffic efficiency, (reducing heavy traffic hours, providing of mass transport modes). It also strengthens the government’s financial support to mass public transportation.

South Korea: National Intermodal Transportation Plan

Enacted in accordance with the Transportation System Efficiency Act, this plan was intended to maximize the benefits of intermodal transportation. The plan includes promoting a light railway system, promoting bus services in remote areas; and promoting traffic efficiency, (reducing heavy traffic hours, providing of mass transport modes). It also strengthens the government’s financial support to mass public transportation.

South Korea: National Intermodal Transportation Plan

Enacted in accordance with the Transportation System Efficiency Act, this plan was intended to maximize the benefits of intermodal transportation. The plan includes promoting a light railway system, promoting bus services in remote areas; and promoting traffic efficiency, (reducing heavy traffic hours, providing of mass transport modes). It also strengthens the government’s financial support to mass public transportation.

South Korea: National Intermodal Transportation Plan

Enacted in accordance with the Transportation System Efficiency Act, this plan was intended to maximize the benefits of intermodal transportation. The plan includes promoting a light railway system, promoting bus services in remote areas; and promoting traffic efficiency, (reducing heavy traffic hours, providing of mass transport modes). It also strengthens the government’s financial support to mass public transportation.

South Korea: National Intermodal Transportation Plan

Enacted in accordance with the Transportation System Efficiency Act, this plan was intended to maximize the benefits of intermodal transportation. The plan includes promoting a light railway system, promoting bus services in remote areas; and promoting traffic efficiency, (reducing heavy traffic hours, providing of mass transport modes). It also strengthens the government’s financial support to mass public transportation.

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

South Korea: Ten-year National Plan for Energy Technology Development

Singapore: Rapid Transit System Act

This Act outlines the framework for the planning, construction, operation and maintenance of rapid transit systems.


Date Implemented: 1995

Status: In Force; Framework Policy/Government Initiative

Singapore: Rapid Transit System Act

This Act outlines the framework for the planning, construction, operation and maintenance of rapid transit systems.


Date Implemented: 1995

Status: In Force; Framework Policy/Government Initiative

Singapore: Rapid Transit System Act

This Act outlines the framework for the planning, construction, operation and maintenance of rapid transit systems.


Date Implemented: 1995

Status: In Force; Framework Policy/Government Initiative

Singapore: Rapid Transit System Act

This Act outlines the framework for the planning, construction, operation and maintenance of rapid transit systems.


Date Implemented: 1995

Status: In Force; Framework Policy/Government Initiative

Singapore: Rapid Transit System Act

This Act outlines the framework for the planning, construction, operation and maintenance of rapid transit systems.


Date Implemented: 1995

Status: In Force; Framework Policy/Government Initiative

Singapore: Rapid Transit System Act

This Act outlines the framework for the planning, construction, operation and maintenance of rapid transit systems.


Date Implemented: 1995

Status: In Force; Framework Policy/Government Initiative

Singapore: Area Licensing Scheme/Road User Charge

Singapore: Area Licensing Scheme/Road User Charge

Singapore: Area Licensing Scheme/Road User Charge

Singapore: Area Licensing Scheme/Road User Charge

Singapore: Area Licensing Scheme/Road User Charge

Singapore: Area Licensing Scheme/Road User Charge

Singapore: Road Traffic Act

This Act sets out the regulations related to road traffic, and the use of vehicles in Singapore.  It specifies that it is illegal to drive any vehicle that does not meet the minimum standards proscribed in this Act, and designates the categories of vehicles, and the taxes on them.


Date Implemented: 1961; revised 1970, 1985, 1994, 1997, 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Road Traffic Act

This Act sets out the regulations related to road traffic, and the use of vehicles in Singapore.  It specifies that it is illegal to drive any vehicle that does not meet the minimum standards proscribed in this Act, and designates the categories of vehicles, and the taxes on them.


Date Implemented: 1961; revised 1970, 1985, 1994, 1997, 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Road Traffic Act

This Act sets out the regulations related to road traffic, and the use of vehicles in Singapore.  It specifies that it is illegal to drive any vehicle that does not meet the minimum standards proscribed in this Act, and designates the categories of vehicles, and the taxes on them.


Date Implemented: 1961; revised 1970, 1985, 1994, 1997, 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Road Traffic Act

This Act sets out the regulations related to road traffic, and the use of vehicles in Singapore.  It specifies that it is illegal to drive any vehicle that does not meet the minimum standards proscribed in this Act, and designates the categories of vehicles, and the taxes on them.


Date Implemented: 1961; revised 1970, 1985, 1994, 1997, 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Road Traffic Act

This Act sets out the regulations related to road traffic, and the use of vehicles in Singapore.  It specifies that it is illegal to drive any vehicle that does not meet the minimum standards proscribed in this Act, and designates the categories of vehicles, and the taxes on them.


Date Implemented: 1961; revised 1970, 1985, 1994, 1997, 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Road Traffic Act

This Act sets out the regulations related to road traffic, and the use of vehicles in Singapore.  It specifies that it is illegal to drive any vehicle that does not meet the minimum standards proscribed in this Act, and designates the categories of vehicles, and the taxes on them.


Date Implemented: 1961; revised 1970, 1985, 1994, 1997, 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Road Traffic Act

This Act sets out the regulations related to road traffic, and the use of vehicles in Singapore.  It specifies that it is illegal to drive any vehicle that does not meet the minimum standards proscribed in this Act, and designates the categories of vehicles, and the taxes on them.


Date Implemented: 1961; revised 1970, 1985, 1994, 1997, 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Road Traffic Act

This Act sets out the regulations related to road traffic, and the use of vehicles in Singapore.  It specifies that it is illegal to drive any vehicle that does not meet the minimum standards proscribed in this Act, and designates the categories of vehicles, and the taxes on them.


Date Implemented: 1961; revised 1970, 1985, 1994, 1997, 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Fuel Economy Labeling Scheme

The Label, displayed prominently on the upper right corner of the windshield of all participating show room models, provides information on fuel economy of vehicles measured under standardized (UN ECE R101 (urban cycle)) test conditions. The Label allows consumers to compare vehicles’ performance and make informed decisions.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

Singapore: Fuel Economy Labeling Scheme

The Label, displayed prominently on the upper right corner of the windshield of all participating show room models, provides information on fuel economy of vehicles measured under standardized (UN ECE R101 (urban cycle)) test conditions. The Label allows consumers to compare vehicles’ performance and make informed decisions.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

Singapore: Fuel Economy Labeling Scheme

The Label, displayed prominently on the upper right corner of the windshield of all participating show room models, provides information on fuel economy of vehicles measured under standardized (UN ECE R101 (urban cycle)) test conditions. The Label allows consumers to compare vehicles’ performance and make informed decisions.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

Singapore: Fuel Economy Labeling Scheme

The Label, displayed prominently on the upper right corner of the windshield of all participating show room models, provides information on fuel economy of vehicles measured under standardized (UN ECE R101 (urban cycle)) test conditions. The Label allows consumers to compare vehicles’ performance and make informed decisions.


Status: In Force; Voluntary

Singapore: Mandatory Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel

From Dec 1, 2005, ultra-low sulfur diesel will be mandatory in order to prepare the country to adopt the Euro IV emission standards for diesel vehicles in October 2006.


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: Mandatory

References: National Environment Agency

http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/article.asp?pid=2553 

 

Singapore: Mandatory Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel

From Dec 1, 2005, ultra-low sulfur diesel will be mandatory in order to prepare the country to adopt the Euro IV emission standards for diesel vehicles in October 2006.


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: Mandatory

References: National Environment Agency

http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/article.asp?pid=2553 

 

Singapore: Mandatory Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel

From Dec 1, 2005, ultra-low sulfur diesel will be mandatory in order to prepare the country to adopt the Euro IV emission standards for diesel vehicles in October 2006.


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: Mandatory

References: National Environment Agency

http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/article.asp?pid=2553 

 

Singapore: Mandatory Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel

From Dec 1, 2005, ultra-low sulfur diesel will be mandatory in order to prepare the country to adopt the Euro IV emission standards for diesel vehicles in October 2006.


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: Mandatory

References: National Environment Agency

http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/article.asp?pid=2553 

 

Singapore: Mandatory Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel

From Dec 1, 2005, ultra-low sulfur diesel will be mandatory in order to prepare the country to adopt the Euro IV emission standards for diesel vehicles in October 2006.


Date Implemented: 2005

Status: Mandatory

References: National Environment Agency

http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/article.asp?pid=2553 

 

Singapore: Incentives for switching to Euro IV compliant vehicles

Through the end of 2005, Euro IV taxis get an ARF Rebate of 100% of the open market values, and 80% after that (through Sept 2006).  Through Sept 2006, all Euro IV buses and commercial vehicles are ARF exempt.


Date Implemented: 2004

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: NEWS RELEASE NO: 26/2005

Singapore: Incentives for switching to Euro IV compliant vehicles

Through the end of 2005, Euro IV taxis get an ARF Rebate of 100% of the open market values, and 80% after that (through Sept 2006).  Through Sept 2006, all Euro IV buses and commercial vehicles are ARF exempt.


Date Implemented: 2004

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: NEWS RELEASE NO: 26/2005

Singapore: Incentives for switching to Euro IV compliant vehicles

Through the end of 2005, Euro IV taxis get an ARF Rebate of 100% of the open market values, and 80% after that (through Sept 2006).  Through Sept 2006, all Euro IV buses and commercial vehicles are ARF exempt.


Date Implemented: 2004

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: NEWS RELEASE NO: 26/2005

Singapore: Incentives for switching to Euro IV compliant vehicles

Through the end of 2005, Euro IV taxis get an ARF Rebate of 100% of the open market values, and 80% after that (through Sept 2006).  Through Sept 2006, all Euro IV buses and commercial vehicles are ARF exempt.


Date Implemented: 2004

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: NEWS RELEASE NO: 26/2005

Singapore: Vehicle quota system

This legislation limits car ownership in Singapore and thereby limits the number of cars allowed on the road.  Ownership requires a certificate of entitlement (valid for 10 years) and the quota system is based on categories of vehicles differentiated by engine size.


 

Date Implemented: 1990

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Vehicle quota system

This legislation limits car ownership in Singapore and thereby limits the number of cars allowed on the road.  Ownership requires a certificate of entitlement (valid for 10 years) and the quota system is based on categories of vehicles differentiated by engine size.


 

Date Implemented: 1990

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Vehicle quota system

This legislation limits car ownership in Singapore and thereby limits the number of cars allowed on the road.  Ownership requires a certificate of entitlement (valid for 10 years) and the quota system is based on categories of vehicles differentiated by engine size.


 

Date Implemented: 1990

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Vehicle quota system

This legislation limits car ownership in Singapore and thereby limits the number of cars allowed on the road.  Ownership requires a certificate of entitlement (valid for 10 years) and the quota system is based on categories of vehicles differentiated by engine size.


 

Date Implemented: 1990

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Vehicle quota system

This legislation limits car ownership in Singapore and thereby limits the number of cars allowed on the road.  Ownership requires a certificate of entitlement (valid for 10 years) and the quota system is based on categories of vehicles differentiated by engine size.


 

Date Implemented: 1990

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Vehicle quota system

This legislation limits car ownership in Singapore and thereby limits the number of cars allowed on the road.  Ownership requires a certificate of entitlement (valid for 10 years) and the quota system is based on categories of vehicles differentiated by engine size.


 

Date Implemented: 1990

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Singapore: Financial disincentives to car ownership

The Ministry of Finance has levied a steep import duty on vehicles. The Land Transport Authority collects a heavy registration fee and an additional registration fee (ARF) for each vehicle registered in Singapore, as well as the annual Road Tax, which increases proportionate to the size of the vehicle’s engine, penalizing owners of larger capacity, higher polluting engines.


Date Implemented: 1970s

Singapore: Financial disincentives to car ownership

The Ministry of Finance has levied a steep import duty on vehicles. The Land Transport Authority collects a heavy registration fee and an additional registration fee (ARF) for each vehicle registered in Singapore, as well as the annual Road Tax, which increases proportionate to the size of the vehicle’s engine, penalizing owners of larger capacity, higher polluting engines.


Date Implemented: 1970s

Singapore: Financial disincentives to car ownership

The Ministry of Finance has levied a steep import duty on vehicles. The Land Transport Authority collects a heavy registration fee and an additional registration fee (ARF) for each vehicle registered in Singapore, as well as the annual Road Tax, which increases proportionate to the size of the vehicle’s engine, penalizing owners of larger capacity, higher polluting engines.


Date Implemented: 1970s

Singapore: Financial disincentives to car ownership

The Ministry of Finance has levied a steep import duty on vehicles. The Land Transport Authority collects a heavy registration fee and an additional registration fee (ARF) for each vehicle registered in Singapore, as well as the annual Road Tax, which increases proportionate to the size of the vehicle’s engine, penalizing owners of larger capacity, higher polluting engines.


Date Implemented: 1970s

Singapore: Financial disincentives to car ownership

The Ministry of Finance has levied a steep import duty on vehicles. The Land Transport Authority collects a heavy registration fee and an additional registration fee (ARF) for each vehicle registered in Singapore, as well as the annual Road Tax, which increases proportionate to the size of the vehicle’s engine, penalizing owners of larger capacity, higher polluting engines.


Date Implemented: 1970s

Singapore: Financial disincentives to car ownership

The Ministry of Finance has levied a steep import duty on vehicles. The Land Transport Authority collects a heavy registration fee and an additional registration fee (ARF) for each vehicle registered in Singapore, as well as the annual Road Tax, which increases proportionate to the size of the vehicle’s engine, penalizing owners of larger capacity, higher polluting engines.


Date Implemented: 1970s

Singapore: Weekend Car Scheme

Before the implementation of the Road Pricing Scheme, the government introduced the Weekend Car (WEC) Scheme to provide further incentive to reduce vehicle use.  A WEC owner received rebates on the net ARF, and import duty and quota premium (up to a maximum of S$15,000), and paid only 30 per cent of the normal road tax. In return, he could only use his WEC during off-peak hours. Owners were given 5 special day licenses for urgent use during other hours (at $20/day) when they paid their annual road tax. 

Singapore: Weekend Car Scheme

Before the implementation of the Road Pricing Scheme, the government introduced the Weekend Car (WEC) Scheme to provide further incentive to reduce vehicle use.  A WEC owner received rebates on the net ARF, and import duty and quota premium (up to a maximum of S$15,000), and paid only 30 per cent of the normal road tax. In return, he could only use his WEC during off-peak hours. Owners were given 5 special day licenses for urgent use during other hours (at $20/day) when they paid their annual road tax. 

Singapore: Weekend Car Scheme

Before the implementation of the Road Pricing Scheme, the government introduced the Weekend Car (WEC) Scheme to provide further incentive to reduce vehicle use.  A WEC owner received rebates on the net ARF, and import duty and quota premium (up to a maximum of S$15,000), and paid only 30 per cent of the normal road tax. In return, he could only use his WEC during off-peak hours. Owners were given 5 special day licenses for urgent use during other hours (at $20/day) when they paid their annual road tax. 

Singapore: Weekend Car Scheme

Before the implementation of the Road Pricing Scheme, the government introduced the Weekend Car (WEC) Scheme to provide further incentive to reduce vehicle use.  A WEC owner received rebates on the net ARF, and import duty and quota premium (up to a maximum of S$15,000), and paid only 30 per cent of the normal road tax. In return, he could only use his WEC during off-peak hours. Owners were given 5 special day licenses for urgent use during other hours (at $20/day) when they paid their annual road tax. 

Singapore: Weekend Car Scheme

Before the implementation of the Road Pricing Scheme, the government introduced the Weekend Car (WEC) Scheme to provide further incentive to reduce vehicle use.  A WEC owner received rebates on the net ARF, and import duty and quota premium (up to a maximum of S$15,000), and paid only 30 per cent of the normal road tax. In return, he could only use his WEC during off-peak hours. Owners were given 5 special day licenses for urgent use during other hours (at $20/day) when they paid their annual road tax. 

Singapore: Weekend Car Scheme

Before the implementation of the Road Pricing Scheme, the government introduced the Weekend Car (WEC) Scheme to provide further incentive to reduce vehicle use.  A WEC owner received rebates on the net ARF, and import duty and quota premium (up to a maximum of S$15,000), and paid only 30 per cent of the normal road tax. In return, he could only use his WEC during off-peak hours. Owners were given 5 special day licenses for urgent use during other hours (at $20/day) when they paid their annual road tax. 

Singapore: Joint Research

The National Environmental Agency carries out joint research and development projects with tertiary institutions.


Date Implemented: 1991

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Funding Information: Projects are usually carried out on an equal cost-sharing basis.

References: http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=43

Singapore: Joint Research

The National Environmental Agency carries out joint research and development projects with tertiary institutions.


Date Implemented: 1991

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Funding Information: Projects are usually carried out on an equal cost-sharing basis.

References: http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=43

Singapore: Joint Research

The National Environmental Agency carries out joint research and development projects with tertiary institutions.


Date Implemented: 1991

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Funding Information: Projects are usually carried out on an equal cost-sharing basis.

References: http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=43

Singapore: Joint Research

The National Environmental Agency carries out joint research and development projects with tertiary institutions.


Date Implemented: 1991

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Funding Information: Projects are usually carried out on an equal cost-sharing basis.

References: http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=43

Singapore: Joint Research

The National Environmental Agency carries out joint research and development projects with tertiary institutions.


Date Implemented: 1991

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Funding Information: Projects are usually carried out on an equal cost-sharing basis.

References: http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=43

Singapore: Joint Research

The National Environmental Agency carries out joint research and development projects with tertiary institutions.


Date Implemented: 1991

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Funding Information: Projects are usually carried out on an equal cost-sharing basis.

References: http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=43

Singapore: Joint Research

The National Environmental Agency carries out joint research and development projects with tertiary institutions.


Date Implemented: 1991

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Funding Information: Projects are usually carried out on an equal cost-sharing basis.

References: http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=43

Singapore: Joint Research

The National Environmental Agency carries out joint research and development projects with tertiary institutions.


Date Implemented: 1991

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Funding Information: Projects are usually carried out on an equal cost-sharing basis.

References: http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=43

Singapore: Joint Research

The National Environmental Agency carries out joint research and development projects with tertiary institutions.


Date Implemented: 1991

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Funding Information: Projects are usually carried out on an equal cost-sharing basis.

References: http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=43

Singapore: Joint Research

The National Environmental Agency carries out joint research and development projects with tertiary institutions.


Date Implemented: 1991

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Funding Information: Projects are usually carried out on an equal cost-sharing basis.

References: http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=43

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: The Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: 8th National Social and Economic Development Plan

Thailand: New Thai Constitution

Thailand: New Thai Constitution

Thailand: New Thai Constitution

Thailand: New Thai Constitution

Thailand: New Thai Constitution

Thailand: New Thai Constitution

Thailand: New Thai Constitution

Thailand: New Thai Constitution

Thailand: New Thai Constitution

Thailand: Fiscal measures to promote environmentally friendly products

Excise tax incentives have been introduced for machines, equipment and materials conserving energy or protecting the environment. The government increased taxes on motorcycles, batteries, marble, granite and air conditioners.


Date Implemented: 1997

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Thailand: Fiscal measures to promote environmentally friendly products

Excise tax incentives have been introduced for machines, equipment and materials conserving energy or protecting the environment. The government increased taxes on motorcycles, batteries, marble, granite and air conditioners.


Date Implemented: 1997

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Thailand: Fiscal measures to promote environmentally friendly products

Excise tax incentives have been introduced for machines, equipment and materials conserving energy or protecting the environment. The government increased taxes on motorcycles, batteries, marble, granite and air conditioners.


Date Implemented: 1997

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Thailand: Fiscal measures to promote environmentally friendly products

Excise tax incentives have been introduced for machines, equipment and materials conserving energy or protecting the environment. The government increased taxes on motorcycles, batteries, marble, granite and air conditioners.


Date Implemented: 1997

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Thailand: Fiscal measures to promote environmentally friendly products

Excise tax incentives have been introduced for machines, equipment and materials conserving energy or protecting the environment. The government increased taxes on motorcycles, batteries, marble, granite and air conditioners.


Date Implemented: 1997

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Thailand: Fiscal measures to promote environmentally friendly products

Excise tax incentives have been introduced for machines, equipment and materials conserving energy or protecting the environment. The government increased taxes on motorcycles, batteries, marble, granite and air conditioners.


Date Implemented: 1997

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Thailand: Fiscal measures to promote environmentally friendly products

Excise tax incentives have been introduced for machines, equipment and materials conserving energy or protecting the environment. The government increased taxes on motorcycles, batteries, marble, granite and air conditioners.


Date Implemented: 1997

Status: In Force; Voluntary

Thailand: LPG and Natural Gas in buses and taxis

The first NGV bus fleet was introduced in Thailand in 1984 with aid from the New Zealand government. Future efforts were not as successful, but now, NG prices are set at 50% of the price of diesel in order to make it more commercially viable (natural gas is exempt from all tax but the VAT). Special low interest loans are arranged for taxis to convert to natural gas and grants are made for the bus system to purchase NGV engines.

Thailand: LPG and Natural Gas in buses and taxis

The first NGV bus fleet was introduced in Thailand in 1984 with aid from the New Zealand government. Future efforts were not as successful, but now, NG prices are set at 50% of the price of diesel in order to make it more commercially viable (natural gas is exempt from all tax but the VAT). Special low interest loans are arranged for taxis to convert to natural gas and grants are made for the bus system to purchase NGV engines.

Thailand: LPG and Natural Gas in buses and taxis

The first NGV bus fleet was introduced in Thailand in 1984 with aid from the New Zealand government. Future efforts were not as successful, but now, NG prices are set at 50% of the price of diesel in order to make it more commercially viable (natural gas is exempt from all tax but the VAT). Special low interest loans are arranged for taxis to convert to natural gas and grants are made for the bus system to purchase NGV engines.

Thailand: LPG and Natural Gas in buses and taxis

The first NGV bus fleet was introduced in Thailand in 1984 with aid from the New Zealand government. Future efforts were not as successful, but now, NG prices are set at 50% of the price of diesel in order to make it more commercially viable (natural gas is exempt from all tax but the VAT). Special low interest loans are arranged for taxis to convert to natural gas and grants are made for the bus system to purchase NGV engines.

Thailand: LPG and Natural Gas in buses and taxis

The first NGV bus fleet was introduced in Thailand in 1984 with aid from the New Zealand government. Future efforts were not as successful, but now, NG prices are set at 50% of the price of diesel in order to make it more commercially viable (natural gas is exempt from all tax but the VAT). Special low interest loans are arranged for taxis to convert to natural gas and grants are made for the bus system to purchase NGV engines.

Thailand: LPG and Natural Gas in buses and taxis

The first NGV bus fleet was introduced in Thailand in 1984 with aid from the New Zealand government. Future efforts were not as successful, but now, NG prices are set at 50% of the price of diesel in order to make it more commercially viable (natural gas is exempt from all tax but the VAT). Special low interest loans are arranged for taxis to convert to natural gas and grants are made for the bus system to purchase NGV engines.

Thailand: LPG and Natural Gas in buses and taxis

The first NGV bus fleet was introduced in Thailand in 1984 with aid from the New Zealand government. Future efforts were not as successful, but now, NG prices are set at 50% of the price of diesel in order to make it more commercially viable (natural gas is exempt from all tax but the VAT). Special low interest loans are arranged for taxis to convert to natural gas and grants are made for the bus system to purchase NGV engines.

Thailand: LPG and Natural Gas in buses and taxis

The first NGV bus fleet was introduced in Thailand in 1984 with aid from the New Zealand government. Future efforts were not as successful, but now, NG prices are set at 50% of the price of diesel in order to make it more commercially viable (natural gas is exempt from all tax but the VAT). Special low interest loans are arranged for taxis to convert to natural gas and grants are made for the bus system to purchase NGV engines.

Thailand: More stringent vehicle emissions standards

As of 1993 all vehicles are required to have catalytic converters installed. IN 1999-2001, new emissions standards have been adapted from the European Union’s standards and implemented.  An inspection program has been set up to enforce these standards.


Status: In Force; Mandatory

Thailand: More stringent vehicle emissions standards

As of 1993 all vehicles are required to have catalytic converters installed. IN 1999-2001, new emissions standards have been adapted from the European Union’s standards and implemented.  An inspection program has been set up to enforce these standards.


Status: In Force; Mandatory

Thailand: More stringent vehicle emissions standards

As of 1993 all vehicles are required to have catalytic converters installed. IN 1999-2001, new emissions standards have been adapted from the European Union’s standards and implemented.  An inspection program has been set up to enforce these standards.


Status: In Force; Mandatory

Thailand: More stringent vehicle emissions standards

As of 1993 all vehicles are required to have catalytic converters installed. IN 1999-2001, new emissions standards have been adapted from the European Union’s standards and implemented.  An inspection program has been set up to enforce these standards.


Status: In Force; Mandatory

Turkey: Automobile Standards

The Ministry of Environment and automobile manufacturers reached an agreement on environmental performance standards in new cars.  Starting in 2000, all imported and locally produced new automobiles are to be equipped with catalytic converters.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

 

Turkey: Automobile Standards

The Ministry of Environment and automobile manufacturers reached an agreement on environmental performance standards in new cars.  Starting in 2000, all imported and locally produced new automobiles are to be equipped with catalytic converters.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

 

Turkey: Automobile Standards

The Ministry of Environment and automobile manufacturers reached an agreement on environmental performance standards in new cars.  Starting in 2000, all imported and locally produced new automobiles are to be equipped with catalytic converters.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

 

Turkey: Automobile Standards

The Ministry of Environment and automobile manufacturers reached an agreement on environmental performance standards in new cars.  Starting in 2000, all imported and locally produced new automobiles are to be equipped with catalytic converters.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

 

Turkey: Automobile Standards

The Ministry of Environment and automobile manufacturers reached an agreement on environmental performance standards in new cars.  Starting in 2000, all imported and locally produced new automobiles are to be equipped with catalytic converters.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

 

Turkey: Automobile Standards

The Ministry of Environment and automobile manufacturers reached an agreement on environmental performance standards in new cars.  Starting in 2000, all imported and locally produced new automobiles are to be equipped with catalytic converters.


Date Implemented: 1993

Status: In Force; Mandatory

 

Turkey: Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (EIAR)

Part of the Environmental Law of ‘83, this legislation outlines the administrative and technical principles surrounding an environmental impact assessment that will be undertaken to identify and to evaluate all possible impacts any public or private project may have on the environment and to prevent any damages these projects may cause.


Date Implemented: 1983

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Turkey: Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (EIAR)

Part of the Environmental Law of ‘83, this legislation outlines the administrative and technical principles surrounding an environmental impact assessment that will be undertaken to identify and to evaluate all possible impacts any public or private project may have on the environment and to prevent any damages these projects may cause.


Date Implemented: 1983

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Turkey: Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (EIAR)

Part of the Environmental Law of ‘83, this legislation outlines the administrative and technical principles surrounding an environmental impact assessment that will be undertaken to identify and to evaluate all possible impacts any public or private project may have on the environment and to prevent any damages these projects may cause.


Date Implemented: 1983

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Turkey: Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (EIAR)

Part of the Environmental Law of ‘83, this legislation outlines the administrative and technical principles surrounding an environmental impact assessment that will be undertaken to identify and to evaluate all possible impacts any public or private project may have on the environment and to prevent any damages these projects may cause.


Date Implemented: 1983

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Turkey: Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (EIAR)

Part of the Environmental Law of ‘83, this legislation outlines the administrative and technical principles surrounding an environmental impact assessment that will be undertaken to identify and to evaluate all possible impacts any public or private project may have on the environment and to prevent any damages these projects may cause.


Date Implemented: 1983

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Turkey: Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (EIAR)

Part of the Environmental Law of ‘83, this legislation outlines the administrative and technical principles surrounding an environmental impact assessment that will be undertaken to identify and to evaluate all possible impacts any public or private project may have on the environment and to prevent any damages these projects may cause.


Date Implemented: 1983

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Turkey: Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (EIAR)

Part of the Environmental Law of ‘83, this legislation outlines the administrative and technical principles surrounding an environmental impact assessment that will be undertaken to identify and to evaluate all possible impacts any public or private project may have on the environment and to prevent any damages these projects may cause.


Date Implemented: 1983

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Turkey: Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (EIAR)

Part of the Environmental Law of ‘83, this legislation outlines the administrative and technical principles surrounding an environmental impact assessment that will be undertaken to identify and to evaluate all possible impacts any public or private project may have on the environment and to prevent any damages these projects may cause.


Date Implemented: 1983

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Turkey: Gas Tax

The Turkish government raised taxes on unleaded gasoline, diesel, and natural gas to increase revenues as the IMF had recommended.


Date Implemented: 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Country Analysis Brief: Turkey, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/turkey.html

 

Turkey: Gas Tax

The Turkish government raised taxes on unleaded gasoline, diesel, and natural gas to increase revenues as the IMF had recommended.


Date Implemented: 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Country Analysis Brief: Turkey, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/turkey.html

 

Turkey: Gas Tax

The Turkish government raised taxes on unleaded gasoline, diesel, and natural gas to increase revenues as the IMF had recommended.


Date Implemented: 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Country Analysis Brief: Turkey, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/turkey.html

 

Turkey: Gas Tax

The Turkish government raised taxes on unleaded gasoline, diesel, and natural gas to increase revenues as the IMF had recommended.


Date Implemented: 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Country Analysis Brief: Turkey, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/turkey.html

 

Turkey: Gas Tax

The Turkish government raised taxes on unleaded gasoline, diesel, and natural gas to increase revenues as the IMF had recommended.


Date Implemented: 2004

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: EIA Country Analysis Brief: Turkey, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/turkey.html

 

Turkey: Petroleum Market Law

Turkey: Petroleum Market Law

Turkey: Petroleum Market Law

Turkey: Petroleum Market Law

Turkey: Petroleum Market Law

Turkey: Petroleum Market Law

Turkey: Petroleum Market Law

Turkey: Petroleum Market Law

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.

India: Energy Policy

This policy outlines the  challenges that India faces as it develops and must generate and provide increasing amounts of energy. Measures include adressing energy security by acquring abundant supplies of coal and gas,  and increasing hydro and nuclear power.  India seeks to improve energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity across many sectors including mining, electricity distribution, transportation, industry and building construction. The policy also outlines methods to promote renewable energy and increase R&D.