Regulatory Instrument

China: Green Insurance System

China is beginning a trial phase of requiring insurance for companies that produce or use high- risk chemical products. Companies that have been prone to accidents recently will be targeted. This measure is intended to help victims of polluting industries receive timely and appropriate compensation. The insurance would prevent companies from going bankrupt after a serious environmental accident, but still give them incentive to lower their insurance costs by increasing their safety standards.


India: Ethanol Promotion

India has passed a measure to increase the blend of ethanol in gasoline from 5% to 10% by October 2008. Indian ethanol manufacturers will also begin producing directly from sugarcane instead of from molasses. The government has recommended a standard price of 21.5 rupees per liter.

Date Implemented: 2007

Status: In Force; Mandatory

China: Program of Action for Sustainable Development

This program is a follow-up of the White Paper on China’s Population, Environment, and Development in the 21st Century. It acknowledges progress made in the last decade including economic and social developments and capacity building, and also upcoming challenges. To deal with these challenges, the program suggests improving research and investement in sustainable development, improving legislation and supporting institutions, and strenghten international cooperation.

Priorities include:

China: National Climate Change Program

In June, 2007 China released its National Climate Change Program outlining the challenges that China is facing in dealing with climate change. It outlines steps that China has taken towards sustainable development and plans that China will enact in the future to address climate change. Strategies include increasing R&D, improving energy efficiency and building construction, developing renewable and nuclear energy, increasing forest cover, improving industrial policy and agriculture, and improving institutions and policies.

Brazil: Inter-ministerial Commission on Climate Change (CIMGC)

The Inter-ministerial Commission on Climate Change (CIMGC), composed of nine ministries and headed by the Ministry of Science and Technology, was established in 1999 for the purpose of co-ordinating discussions on climate change and integrating the government’s policies in these ministries. The CIMGC provides input on the governments involvement with the UNFCCC and sets criteria and makes decisions on Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects.

Turkey: Petroleum Market Law

Turkey: Appliance labeling

The Ministry of Industry and Trade requires energy labeling of refrigerators, washing machines, dryers, dishwashers and lamps.

Date Implemented: 2003

Status: In Force; Mandatory

References: IEA


Turkey: Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation (EIAR)

Part of the Environmental Law of ‘83, this legislation outlines the administrative and technical principles surrounding an environmental impact assessment that will be undertaken to identify and to evaluate all possible impacts any public or private project may have on the environment and to prevent any damages these projects may cause.

Date Implemented: 1983

Status: In Force; Mandatory

Turkey: Flue gas desulphurization (FGD) units

The government requires flue gas desulphurization (FGD) units on all new coal power plants.

Status: Mandatory

References: EIA Turkey’s Environmental Issues,


Turkey: Heat Insulation Standards

Energy efficiency standards for buildings: In the residential/commercial sector, more than 80% of the energy consumed is used for heating. While older buildings require 200-250 kWh/m2, the new standards should bring heating energy requirements down to 100-150 kWh/m2.

Date Implemented: issued 1999; effective June 2000

Status: In Force; Mandatory