Singapore: Investment Allowance Scheme

The government offers a tax exemption equal to a specified proportion of an investment made towards modernizing equipment for increased energy efficiency/productivity by 20% or more.

Date Implemented: revised 2005

Status: In Force; Voluntary

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC


Saudi Arabia: 7th Five-Year Plan

This development aims to achieve GDP growth in a sustainable fashion.  One priority is the diversification of the economy away from the dominant oil and gas industry.

Date Implemented: 2000-2005

Status: Framework Policy

Target: annual GDP growth rate of 3.1%

Philippines: Strategy for Sustainable Development (PSSD)

The concept for the Sustainable Development Strategy includes integration of environmental consideration in decision-making, proper pricing of natural resources, conservation of biodiversity, rehabilitation of ecosystems, control of population growth and human resources development, inducing growth in rural areas, promotion of environmental education, strengthening citizens’ participation, and promoting small to medium sized enterprises and sustainable agricultural and forestry practices.

Malaysia: Vision 2020

Saudi Arabia: Eighth Five-Year Plan

In the General Objectives the 5th and the 11th statements plan to diversify the economic base with due emphasis on promising areas such as manufacturing industries, particularly energy, and related derivatives, intensive industries, as well as mining tourism and information technology industries and to protect the environment and develop suitable systems in the context of sustainable development requirement.

Date Implemented: 2005-2010

China: 11th Five-Year Plan

The programming period is divided into the Eleventh Five Year Plan period running to 2010 and the period from 2010 to 2020. The energy conservation objectives and the focus of development by 2010 are essentially planned, whereas the objectives stated for 2020 are proposed. In its “alternative oil strategy,” which is part of the Five-Year Plan, Beijing has called for a doubling in renewable energy generation to 15% of the country’s needs by 2020, including major increases in wind power and biomass.

Iran: Management of Forest Resources

Planting fruit species and multi-purpose trees in the degraded national lands in the north. An example of the government’s “bottom up” approach, it aims to improve the economics of forestry, create employment and raise production of non-wood products while protecting and increasing soil fertility. 

References: National Communication to the UNFCCC


South Africa: International Action Programme (IAP) Cape Town

To introduce a stated target of renewable energy sources in the energy mix of Cape Town, thereby moving towards a greater mix of cleaner and more efficient energy forms. The City hopes to finalise these targets within its Integrated Development Plan (IDP), which is the legislative long-term planning document, as well as to finalise these targets in the Cape Town Energy Strategy.

Status: Voluntary

South Africa: State Utility Distributes Free and Subsidized CFLs

South Africa: SAEDES (The South Africa Energy and Demand Efficiency Standard)

SAEDES aims to improve energy efficiency in new and retrofitted commercial buildings while maintaining cost-efficiency.  It promotes good design, innovation and the use of renewables.

Status: Mandatory

References: http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/seminar/application/pdf/sem_sup2_south_...